When the wild rosemary blooms: description, properties, features and reviews
Ledum is a shrubby type. In nature, there are six of its species, four of which grow in Russia. How and when the wild rosemary blooms, about its cultivation and use, read the article.
origin of name
The word “wild rosemary”, according to the ancient verb “bangulit”, means “to poison”. The adjective, derived from it, is “bagulic”. It, in turn, has the meaning of something poisonous, astringent, stupefying, strong. The name of the plant reflects the feature that is characteristic only for the wild rosemary. The shrub has a strong, suffocating odor. In the scientific world, wild rosemary is called “Ledum”, which in Greek means “incense” - resin, which has a strong aroma.
Places of growth of wild rosemary are regions with a cold and temperate climate. Depending on the growing conditions, the shrub has a different height: from 15 to 130 cm. Although in some cases it grows to five meters. Sprigs of young plants are covered with brownish fluff.In mature plants it is not, and the stems have a grayish tint.
The arrangement of leaves is uniform. They are leathery, whole-cut, the edges are wrapped up. Their color is dark green, and the surface above is smooth. From below, the leaf plates are covered with a reddish-brown cannon, among which are glands with ether-oil substances with a complex composition contained in them. This explains the sharp smell with the intoxicating effect, which affects the nervous system, causing headache, whirling, vomiting, nausea. This is an amazing plant. It is hard to believe that such beauty as wild rosemary in bloom can lead a person to lose consciousness.
Inflorescences are formed on the shoots of last year. Depending on the type of wild rosemary, they are of a celtic or umbrella-shaped form. Flowers have bisexual structure. They consist of five petals of white shade, although the color may be different.
According to reviews of gardeners, blooming wild rosemary is a fascinating sight, which, unfortunately, cannot be admired for a long time, otherwise poisoning can be obtained. The fruit of the plant is a box with five nests. The first is revealed basis.Winged seeds are very small. An interesting fact, noticed by gardeners: when the wild rosemary and the bird cherry blossoms at this time.
Seeds and summer cuttings are planting material for wild rosemary. In order for the cuttings to quickly spread out the roots and become established, their sections should be processed with heteroauxin, that is, placed in a solution (0.01%) for a period of 16-24 hours. Then rinse under running water and only then plant in a container with the ground. It is important to know that callus even on the treated handle is formed by the fall, and the roots themselves will grow only by the next season.
To admire the beauty during the period when the wild rosemary blooms, it is important to provide the plant with comfortable growth and development. To do this, you need to know that the flower prefers acidic soils. Therefore, when planting, the pit should be filled with a mixture of peat, soil from under conifers and sand in proportions of 3: 2: 1. Some species grow on depleted soils of sandy structure.
Ledum roseum is grown as a cultivated plant. The best time for landing is spring. But if the plant has a closed root system, the time of year does not matter for that. Ledum leaves are planted for long-term growth at a permanent place.Each bush is placed in holes dug in advance from 30 to 40 cm deep. The bottom of the landing pit is covered with a drainage layer of five to seven centimeters. Sand or small river pebbles are suitable for this. After planting, pristvolnye circles of plants are mulched with sawdust, needles or small wood shavings.
The plant is grown to create a bright spot in the garden during the period when the wild rosemary blooms, but for this you need to wait for its growth. If the expectation was not included in the plans of the gardener, you can grow shrubs in groups of several copies in each. The distance between plants should be at least 50-70 cm.
Ledum is an unpretentious plant that can grow on soils poor in nutrient content. It grows on wetlands, but feels bad on compacted soils and does not tolerate drought. Behind him, as well as for other plants, care is needed, which consists in watering, feeding, loosening the soil, pruning. Only in this case, you can see how the wild rosemary blooms.If the care is bad, the plant will not reveal the beauty of the many beautiful buds.
To maintain the acidity of the soil at the proper level, you should water the rosemary two or three times a month with acidified water.In extreme heat and during a period of prolonged drought, the wild roseum needs frequent watering: once every seven days - necessarily. Watering should be abundant, at least five to eight liters of fluid for each bush.
After that, it is necessary to loosen the soil and mulch it with peat, so moisture will be kept in the soil. Loosening should be done very carefully, as the location of the roots to the surface is very close.
For better growth and development of the plant must be fed. This is especially positive in the period when the wild rosemary is in bloom. The procedure should be done once a year in the spring. The best nutrition is a complex fertilizer of mineral composition. For adult bushes per square meter of the area of the site you need 50-70 g, for the young - 30-40 g. Fertilizer is applied for each plant.
Special pruning wild rosemary is not needed. For decoration, remove only dry, diseased or broken branches. Ledum in culture is resistant to disease and damage caused by pests. Obviously, this contributes to a strong deterrent smell.
Regardless of the variety, wild rosemary is an elegant and very interesting plant. Beautiful blooming rosemary decorates the garden. The smell of its leaves and stems deters insects.In addition, the plant protects a person from bacteria harmful to him, next to the wild rosemary they die. But, growing this shrub in your garden, you should always remember when the wild rosemary blooms,many toxic substances are released into the air, causing poisoning of the human body. During this period, you should protect yourself from their effects: do not stay close to the wild rosemary and, moreover, do not smell its flowers.
Ledumberry has a whole complex of active substances, so it is difficult to divide it by the areas of impact on the human body. In folk medicine, wild rosemary is a universal remedy. It has an expectorant and antispasmodic effect. It is an excellent diuretic, painkiller and disinfectant. It has sedative and narcotic properties.
Traditional medicine has long been using wild rosemary for the treatment of bronchitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, flu, pneumonia, cough, asthma, whooping cough. The plant is used to heal wounds, as well as in cases of insect or snake bites.
According to patients, it helps in the treatment of eczema and boils, frostbite and scabies, various eye diseases, rheumatism, arthritis and osteochondrosis, gout and other diseases.
Patients who used the tincture of the shoots, noted that wild rosemary expands blood vessels, improves blood circulation, eliminates insomnia. Identified the unique ability of the plant to reduce pressure. Patients note good tolerability of wild rosemary and the absence of toxic manifestations.
This type of plant can not boast of a large species diversity. As mentioned in the article, only four species grow in our country: marsh wild rosemary, Greenland, creeping, large-leaved. The marsh ledum has become more common in nature. This entailed a variety of titles. In the people it is called rosemary forest, fragrant bagan, puzzle, marshy foolishness, bug grass, anthropology and others.
Homeland wild rosemary is the Arctic, west and east of Siberia, south, north and west of Europe, north of Mongolia, north and east of China, America and Korea. Where is the rosemary bloom? Places of growth and flowering are marshy soil, permafrost areas, tundra, raw coniferous forests, highlands, cedar dwarf trees, banks of rivers, streams. Grows in single specimens and thickets.In our country, habitats and flowering are Yakutia, Sakhalin, Primorye, Sayan, Altai, Karelia.
Marsh ledum is an evergreen, strongly branched shrub. Its height reaches 50-120 cm. The bush is one meter in diameter. Elevated shoots with dense pubescence of rust color. The leaves are dark green, with a characteristic shine on the surface and a specific, strong odor. Their edges are wrapped down. The flowers are small, reach a diameter of 1.5 cm, have a white, sometimes pink shade. When the wild rosemary blooms, it gives off a pungent smell. Flowers are collected in inflorescences, representing umbrellas. The fruit is a five-fold box. Ripening occurs in August.