What parts of speech are independent?

Natalya Vavilova
Natalya Vavilova
February 28, 2013
10622
What parts of speech are independent?

To find out which parts of speech are independent, it is necessary to understand the signs that characterize them. Independent parts of speech are the main words in sentences. Without them, it is impossible to transmit at least some information. All the words that call objects signify actions (what happens to them) and describe them - these are uniquely independent parts of speech.

In contrast to them, there are official words - they only serve the rest of the speech and help to unite them. There is a third category of words - interjections, which are neither independent nor service.

Independent parts of speech can interact and transmit any informational messages without the help of service. But service without independent not used.

Signs of independent parts of speech

In order not to be mistaken in determining which group one or another word belongs to, you can do it by the following signs.

  • By the way, which is an independent part of speech, there is an opportunity to ask a question. Who! What is he doing? Which one Where? From where
  • In the sentence, independent parts of speech are necessarily its members.
  • Each separate part of speech falling under this general category has grammatical and morphological features.

Independent parts of speech

  • Noun. It always answers the questions: who, what? This part of speech can be both animate and inanimate. In the sentence, the noun for the most part is subject to or addition.
  • Adjective. Describes the signs of nouns and pronouns. What or what? It can be qualitative, relative, possessive.
  • Verb. Expresses action. What is he doing? What did you do? What will do? In a sentence, this part of speech usually becomes a predicate.
  • Adverb. A word that does not change. answers the questions: how? when, where? etc.
  • Communion and gerund. Sometimes they are called special forms of the verb.
  • Numeral. Speaks about the number. Answers the questions: how much, which account?
  • Pronoun.Pointing to the item, is used instead of the noun.

Independent parts of speech are differentiated into two categories: significant and pronominal. It is known that significant - they call the object, the action with the object or characterize it. And pronouns only point to it.

Very often, schoolchildren confuse independent and significant parts of speech, considering that this is one and the same thing. However, it is only true that all the significant parts of speech are independent, and the pronouns include only pronouns.

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