What is truth?
The concept of “truth” is so multifaceted that it is simply impossible to give such a definition that would satisfy absolutely all representatives of different trends in modern science, culture and art. Therefore, we decided to tell you what truth is in the understanding of various sciences.
What does truth in philosophy mean?
From the point of view of philosophy, truth is the inner agreement of reason with some real thing, an object. In addition, truth means a certain repeatability of various situations or situations, that is, the fact that a phenomenon repeats testifies to its truth. Thus, truth is something that can be revealed, as philosophers say, empirically or, to put it simply, empirically. The most important criterion of truth, from the point of view of philosophy, is its reliability, that is, the possibility of reconciling certain facts with reality. This is exactly how true and untrue things are distinguished.
What is the truth in logic?
In logic, the definition of truth is derived quite simply. More precisely, it is not about the truth itself, but about the true judgment.A true judgment is one in which there is a lack of logical contradictions. Thus, the truth in logic is connected with the absolute absence of contradictions in judgment or in the message.
Truth from the point of view of modern science
Oddly enough, but the scientific definition of truth is twofold. More precisely, science considers truth from two sides. First, the truth is what every scientist should strive for, that is, here truth is understood to be some absolutely correct knowledge. On the other hand, the truth in science is understood as the coincidence of scientific knowledge with visible objective reality. In other words, we again come to the philosophical definition of the knowledge of truth empirically.
What is absolute truth in religion?
The absolute, or, as it is also called, eternal truth, is the source of the origin of all existence. In this sense, the expression of absolute truth is the so-called monotheistic religion. Monotheism is the belief in one God, in one beginning, from which everything originated. Such religions include Christianity, Islam, Judaism, various currents of Hinduism. Religions may differ from each other in some formal ways (observance of commandments, rites, etc.),however, in each of them faith in one God the Creator or the Absolute is strictly traced.
In contrast, relative truth asserts that absolute truth is practically unattainable, and there are only certain ideas that a person accepts depending on life experience. Over time, the old ideas are discarded, and new, more true ones appear in their place (for the person himself, of course). Here we are faced with such a problem, which can be formulated as a question: what is the truth of life? The answer to it can only be given by the person himself, based on his life experience. We add that philosophical and scientific trends, following the ideas of absolute truth, are usually called metaphysical. Those who are accustomed to relying on relative truths in their studies are called relativists. Thus, metaphysics and relativism have been arguing among themselves for more than one century, and there is no agreement between them, and it is unlikely that they will be in the near future.