What are the ways to interrupt pregnancy in the early stages?
At the request of a woman, pregnancy can be terminated artificially for up to 12 weeks. In the presence of social indications - up to 22 weeks. In this case, the sudden death of the husband and the impossibility of self-maintenance of the child, being in prison and some others can be a weighty cause. Medical indications (threat to the life of a woman, pathology in the development of the fetus) allow abortion at any time.
What are some ways to terminate a pregnancy?
Early termination of pregnancy can be carried out in three ways - medicamentous, using vacuum aspiration and surgical. On a long term cause childbirth, and sometimes cesarean section. The method is chosen depending on the characteristics of the course and duration of pregnancy, the desire and material capabilities of the woman.
Thirty years ago, this method was, in fact, the only one. But today he still remains the leader among all. The operation for curettage of the uterus is carried out in the day hospital. There is a mandatory local or general anesthesia for women. The doctor expands the cervix with special forceps and with a sharp “scraper” removes the ovum and endometrium. Since the operation is performed "blindly", serious complications are possible. Most often it is bleeding, perforation of the uterus, followed by sterility.
Mini abortion (vacuum suction)
Such interruption of pregnancy in the early stages (4-5 weeks) is carried out with the help of a specialized probe, through which the fertilized egg is “sucked out”. At later terms, this type of abortion does not allow for a limited diameter of the “hose”. Mini-abortion, in comparison with surgical, is considered more gentle. Anesthesia here is replaced by the use of painkillers (for example, “No-shpa” tablets), injury to the uterus cavity with instruments is excluded, and the risk of hormonal disorders is less. But at the same time there is a possibility that the abortion will turn out to be “incomplete”.In this case, you will need a traditional scraping.
This is one of the "innovative" methods, when using special pills cause miscarriage. Tablet termination of pregnancy is an outlet for those who want to terminate a pregnancy early in the home, without surgery. True, here the help of physicians will be required. First of all, pills are given only by a doctor in a specialized clinic licensed to perform medical abortions. To buy such pills in a pharmacy is simply impossible. Of course, there are a lot of lovers of profit, selling "pills from pregnancy" illegally. But in this case, there is a high risk of purchasing a fake drug, which can lead to serious health problems. In addition, a medical examination is required to establish the exact dates of pregnancy and the size of the fetus. The cost of such an abortion in the early stages of 7-11 thousand rubles. There are also special injections for termination of pregnancy, based on the action of hormones.
What conditions must be met for medical abortion?
Early termination of pregnancy with the help of tablets is limited by the following conditions: a period of not more than 6 weeks and the size of the ovum will not exceed 20 mm. When taking the drug, there is a risk that a miscarriage will not occur or, as with a mini-abortion, will not take place fully. In this case, urgent surgical curettage may be necessary. It is worth remembering that abortion with pills, like any other type of abortion, is harmful to a woman’s body and can cause serious complications, sometimes with irreversible consequences.