Types of plasters, features, specifications and reviews

The decoration of the side surfaces in modern housing is made using all sorts of materials. However, various types of plasters continue to be actively used in brick and block structures. They may differ in external characteristics, physico-chemical properties, purpose, method of application, so when choosing from ordinary consumers may have problems.

Types of plasters

Leveling and decorative compositions

All types of plasters can be divided into two broad categories. The first of them are necessary to hide the irregularities, and the second - for the finishing facing of surfaces. They differ in the thickness of the applied layer, since they perform completely different functions. Leveling compounds form the basis, and decorative cover it to improve the aesthetic characteristics.

Plaster, intended for leveling walls and other surfaces, is made on the basis of cement, gypsum or lime.The choice of the main component is made taking into account the operating conditions. For dry rooms, gypsum mixtures are usually purchased, for wet rooms - lime. On the street side, cement compositions are most often applied.

General advantages of leveling solutions:

  • after application there is a significant improvement in insulating ability;
  • steam can pass through the finishing layer, due to which a pleasant microclimate is established inside the dwelling;
  • due to the low cost, the material is actively used for finishing large areas;
  • when using the reinforcing mesh, it is possible to eliminate even strong defects.

Existing types of decorative plasters for interior decoration and cladding of facades are both mineral and polymer. In the first case, in the manufacture of the same binding agents are used as for the production of leveling analogues, and in the second - high-molecular compounds such as acrylic resins or silicone.

Types of textured plaster

Classification by connecting components

When grouped by the above categories, the basis was on the types of work being carried out.Plaster, as it became clear, can be used to align or decorate the walls. However, it is also classified directly by the substances that are introduced to achieve a stable bond between the fractions of the filling materials.

Type of mixture

Description

Cement

Differs in durability and resistance to environmental influences, but at the same time it has low plasticity. Mainly used for cladding facades.

Limescale

The most important advantage is the presence of antibacterial properties, so that it is possible to protect the surface from the appearance of fungus. Most often used in wet areas.

Gypsum

It has a high ductility, therefore it is applied relatively easily. Suitable only for interior work. In the finished premises at the same time there should be no increase in the level of moisture.

Acrylic

It is characterized by fast drying and ease of application. Of the minuses can be noted relatively low resistance to ultraviolet radiation.

Silicone

It has good adhesion to various surfaces. Does not react with inert gases.Resistant to acidic and alkaline media.

Silicate

It contains liquid glass. It has a good steam transmission ability. After drying, cracks are usually not formed. Most often used in conjunction with a silicone primer.

Combined

Some types of plasters can be combined with each other to achieve special physicochemical properties. For example, there are cement-lime and silicate-silicone solutions.

Methods of applying leveling compounds

During the works different types of putting plaster on the trimmed surfaces can be used. On packs with dry formulations you can see special inscriptions. Mix can be intended as for manual, and machine application.

When applying the solution through special equipment, it is possible to increase the speed of work. This option is relevant if the area of ​​the finished building is large enough. The deadline for a large object when using automated technology can be significantly closer.

Types of plastering

Usually, machine technology costs a little less because of the number of people hired.For finishing large buildings in an automated way will need a group consisting of 2-3 people. However, it should be understood that the equipment itself is not cheap, therefore, it does not make sense to purchase it for one-time use.

As for the manual application, it is done with a spatula. The solution snatches between special beacons. Other tools may require work: a trowel, a building level, a rule, and a falcon, which is a wooden or metal shield.

Textured coatings for decoration

In modern design are relevant relief surfaces. For their formation it is necessary to use all kinds of textured plaster. They allow you to create special aesthetic effects. The variety of effects is achieved through the use of special tools and application options. Fixing the form is provided by the introduction of resin and wax additives.

Widespread only some application schemes.

Texture

Description

Bark beetle

It turns out due to processing of a surface a plastic grater.Movement can be both horizontal and vertical. The expressiveness of the coating depends on the size of the fraction of the solution used in each case.

Lamb

It is created using the same grater. However, when applied, anti-clockwise circular motions are performed. After the mixture hardens, an texture is obtained with often laid small-sized pebbles.

Fur coat

It is formed by means of a short pile roller, which is rolled directly on the raw layer. Such a relief looks very impressive.

Used types of textured plaster must meet operational conditions. Some formulations are intended only for indoor use, while others are intended for outdoor use. The mixtures used outside must have not only moisture resistance, but also resistance to chemical influences.

Types of facade plaster

Structural solutions for application

There are special types of decorative plaster with non-uniform composition. They include granules or fibers of various materials. After applying the surface takes quite an interesting look.Most often they are used when working inside the building to achieve an aesthetic effect in interior design, but can also be used from the street.

Structural mixtures can be applied to many types of surfaces. With their help, the defects of the draft foundation are well masked. Microcracks, remnants of old paint, small swellings after coating with compounds become invisible.

Special look - Venetian plaster

Separate attention deserve a mixture of imitating marble surface. They allow you to successfully transmit all the charm of a noble stone. However, these types of plaster are suitable for interior decoration. For cladding facades of buildings do not use them.

The basis of the compositions are the same components that were used many centuries ago. They contain marble and lime flour. For coloring in various colors special pigments are introduced. Thanks to modern technologies, it was possible to significantly expand the range of products.

In the classic version of the Venetian plaster is applied in three layers. Before laying the composition, it is mandatory to treat the surface with a deep penetration primer. Already it is applied to the first two layers. They must be unevenly distributed.After drying, they are covered with a translucent layer. At the final stage, the entire surface is waxed.

Other types of plaster for interior decoration have a simpler application technology, but do not look so impressive. Therefore, these compounds have a special place among other types of products, although they are categorized as rather expensive.

Special Purpose Formulations

Can not always be carried out the usual plaster walls. Types of mixtures in some cases have to be selected taking into account the functional characteristics of the room. Special compounds are needed to give the surfaces certain properties that provide the ability to resist various influences and effects.

Types of exterior plaster

To finish the walls in wet rooms and facades of buildings with increased precipitation, waterproofing compositions are used. In the production they will include hydrophobic additives that repel water.

Acoustical plasters are actively used in gyms, clubs, restaurants, studios and other commercial establishments. They effectively protect the internal or external space from the penetration of sound waves.It may include: pumice, slag, perlite.

Sometimes chemically resistant coatings are needed. For these purposes, acidic types of plasters are used. They are simply indispensable in the chemical industry, where various substances have an effect on the surface to be finished. Protective functions are usually performed: quartzite, liquid glass, stone flour.

Stand-alone X-ray protective solutions. It is designed to protect people directly from radiation. Often used in radiography departments. The active component is barite, the crystals of which have a high density.

Types of decorative plaster: brand names

To purchase quality products, it is necessary to navigate in all the variety of existing manufacturers. Not all plaster trademarks can be of high quality. As a rule, reliability differs products of manufacturers that exist on the market for a long time.

First, we consider the types of facade plaster, which have suitable properties for use in the Russian climate.Of all the trademarks, those shown in the table deserve special attention.

The brand

Description

Ceresit Dekor Plus

It is made on the basis of cement. Delivered dry. The average material consumption ranges from 3 to 4 kg per square meter. Suitable for different types of bases.

Baumit silikon

It is made on the basis of silicone resins. Comes to the market in ready to use form. About 2.5 kg are spent per square meter. It is recommended to use for the foam concrete bases.

Vetonit weber

It is made of cement-lime mixture. It is a dry composition for the preparation of which water is added. Ideal for application to concrete surfaces.

Types of Venetian plaster

Applying various types of front plaster, you should not forget about additional protection in the form of a paint and varnish layer. This is especially true for compositions based on mineral binders. Polymer blends usually do not need to be treated after curing.

As for plaster mixtures for interior work, their range is wider. They have less stringent requirements in terms of resistance to chemical attack and UV light. The highest quality products primarily include the following brands:

  • Valpaint;
  • Oikos;
  • Loggia;
  • Baldini;
  • Pratta

The listed manufacturers have a wide range of products, which can consist of more than 50 items. However, it is necessary to understand that such compositions are expensive, especially when compared with their Russian counterparts.

Consumer reviews and recommendations

Although many buyers note the high cost of silicone blends, in the end they are satisfied with the quality of the finish. Almost everyone is pleased with the end result when using coating from the outside of the building. They do not recommend to purchase other types of exterior plaster, if financial opportunities allow you to buy a composition based on silicone resins.

For wet areas, most consumers propose to use lime solutions, and not cement ones. This is due to their increased plasticity and the presence of antiseptic properties. For example, in the bathrooms, decorated with lime plaster, not so much spread mold.

Some masters point out the poor resistance of acrylic blends to UV exposure, so for the southern regions they consider it not quite suitable.She quickly loses its initial color. However, reliable manufacturers solve this problem by introducing special substances, only this leads to an increase in the cost of the final product.

Types of work: plaster

Final part

On the positive side have proven themselves many types of finishes. Decorative plaster continue to make the side surfaces due to its high aesthetic characteristics. With the help of such compositions it is possible to give the surfaces different color shades and a specific texture. The main difficulty lies in the process of application. To many, it seems laborious and too complicated, so they choose coatings that have simpler installation technology.

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