The Pechora River. Description
Pechora - a river flowing along the northeastpart of Europe, Nenets Autonomous District (Autonomous District) and the Republic of Komi. The area of its basin is about three hundred twenty-two thousand square kilometers. Its length is, according to one data, one thousand eight hundred and fourteen, and on the other, one thousand seven hundred and nineteen kilometers. It is considered to be the largest and the deepest in the northern part of Europe. The Pechora River begins in the mountains, in the Northern Urals (from the slope of one of the ridges - the Belt Stone), and flows into the Barents Sea (into the Pechora Bay). From the very beginning and up to the mouth, the current is predominantly mountainous.
In accordance with the water regime and characterThe valley itself is divided into three parts. From the source to the point of the confluence of the Volosnitsa, the segment is called the Upper Pechora, then to Ust-Usy - the Middle, and to the very mouth - the Lower Pechora.
The upper flows between steep steep bankswith fir and spruce forests. On this stretch is a fairly rapid current, a narrow valley, and the river bed is full of numerous rapids and rapids. Then the river Pechora goes to the flat country. The current on this stretch is more calm, in rare places there are rifts.
The average Pechora flows practically inmeridional direction. Its valley on this site reaches ten to twelve kilometers. In a broad floodplain, forests grow, in some areas - meadows with a tree-like willow. There is a depth of up to four or five meters on the reaches, and falls to a meter or two on the ruts.
In the Lower Pechora the riverbed is not stable. It, breaking up into separate independent channels, forms numerous islands. In the broad floodplain, the boggy meadows stretch, tree-like willows, willow bushes grow. On sandy hillocks in some places pine forests grow. On the reaches and ruts the average depths are about one and a half meters, in the lower reaches - up to ten, and on average - up to five or six meters.
The Pechora River, a photo and description of it can be easily found inone hundred and thirty kilometers from the sea is divided into two branches: the Great (Eastern) and the Lesser (Western) Pechora. These two sleeves subsequently merge together. Further, somewhat lower, the Pechora River breaks up into several more branches. As a result, delta is formed, the width of which is about forty-five kilometers. Gradually, it narrows to thirty kilometers. Subsequently, it passes to the Pechora Bay in the Barents Sea.
The basin is relatively poorly developed vegetation. In the upper reaches sandy and stony soils are predominantly noted. In the lower reaches, the soils are muddy-sandy.
The upper course of the river is opened in May (in the first half), plots in the lower reaches - by the end of May - beginning of June. It freezes - by the end of October, the beginning of November.
The river has many tributaries. Among the main ones should be noted Izhma, Usu, Vilmu, Ilych. The basin of the Pechora River is poor in fodder resources. It is inhabited by more than thirty species of fish. Among them, salmon, chir, whitefish, omul, nelma, peled are of particular value. Among the usual, widely known fish, here you can find dace, burbot, ruff, perch, roach, pike and others.