The object of the crime, its concept, meaning and classification
The object of the crime is what the wrongful act aims at, as well as what it harms or can harm. With such a fairly accessible wording, defining it is not so easy. Many often confuse this category with the concept of the subject of a crime. This article will help to understand what is a crime object, to know its signs and distinctive features, as well as their various types.
The concept of the object of crime
In the sphere of criminal law, this category always describes a certain material public relation, which is damaged in the process of violation of the right. At the same time, the subject of a crime is values (both tangible and intangible), as well as individuals. In order to decide on what constitutes an object of crime, consider a vivid example. Suppose the picture was stolen.It is possible at first glance to mistakenly assume that the object of the crime in this case is a work of art. However, it is not. As a rule, no damage is caused to the property. On the contrary, the offender is interested to preserve the value of the stolen items for the purpose of their further sale or personal use. Damage is property relations, because the stolen picture came out of the possession of its owner, who thereby loses his legitimate authority over it. In this connection, it is not the thing itself that is protected, but some values as elements of certain social relations. It is for this reason that the destruction of one’s personal property is not recognized as a crime. At the same time, the object of a crime is not any social relation, but only protected by criminal law. Therefore, these connections are of great importance and importance. In addition, an adverse impact on these objects entails criminal liability.
The value of the crime object
The object of the crime is an indispensable element of the composition of the violation of law It is also a criterion for systematization of regulatory requirements of the Criminal Code. In addition to all this, the object significantly affects the qualification of the act.
Types of crime objects
The classification of these categories is carried out according to the circle of protected relations that have developed in the society. In this regard, there are four types of objects. A common object is considered to be the same for the entire crime. It is enshrined in Art. 2 of the Criminal Code. A generic object is defined as a certain group of identical, related, in fact, social relations. It can be installed by the title of the section, which contains any article of the Criminal Code. The species object of the crime is a separate part of the generic, namely, a narrower group of homogeneous social relations. It is enshrined in the title of a separate chapter.