The image of Belikov in Chekhov's work "The Man in a Case": who are the case people and what are they characterized by?
Who are the case people? They surround us everywhere, but few realize that they can be characterized by such an interesting term. Because not everyone read the famous story of Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, which was called "Man in a Case". It was this Russian prose writer-playwright who for the first time in history proposed this type of personality. However, everything is in order.
Anyone who is familiar with Chekhov's work knows howthe world of his works is rich in human types. Who only does not occur in his stories! And conscientious personalities, not satisfied with social laws and themselves, and near-minded people, and noble dreamers, and officials-opportunists. And the images of "case" people are also found. In particular - in the above story.
In the center of the story "A Man in a Case" - a teachera gymnasium named Belikov. Teaching the Greek language - has long ceased to be anyone necessary. He's very strange. Even if the sun is outside, he wears galoshes, a warm cotton coat with a high collar and takes an umbrella. Required "accessory" - dark glasses. He always puts ears with cotton wool. He goes in a cab, with a horse always raised. And at Belikova everything is kept in cases - an umbrella, a clock, and even a penknife.
But this is only an image. It would seem that the description speaks only of the fact that the person is tidy and prudent, maybe even a little pedantic. But it is not without reason that they say that in the external manifestation the inner state of a person is reflected. And indeed it is.
Examples of "case" people who meet in life,are reflected in Belikovo. He is a mixture of a sociopath, a paranoid and an introvert. He is afraid of everything alive. His life motto is: "As though what did not work out." He treats everything that surrounds him with caution and fear. Belikov is not able to think freely, since each of his ideas is in a "box".
And okay, if that's how he was in society. But even at home he behaves similarly! He puts on a long robe and cap, the shutters on the windows tightly lock, snapping the catches. He has a bed with a canopy, and when Belikov falls into it, he is covered by a blanket with his head.
Naturally, he observes all posts, and does not windservants of the female sex - for fear that others would suspect him of dealing with them. Belikov is a real hermit. Which, in the truest sense of the word, is afraid to live.
Naturally, this way of life, which leadsBelikov, can not reflect on anything. Who are the case people? They are the most real hermits who believe that they live quite normal, unlike the rest. This is also evident in Chekhov's hero.
At one point he meets Varenka - a girl,He is the sister of a new teacher of geography and history. She shows an unexpected interest in Belikov. Which society begins to incline to marry her. He agrees, despite the fact that his thoughts about marriage are oppressing him and disturbing him. Belikov grows thin, pales, becomes even more nervous and fearful. And the first thing that worries him most is the way of life of the "bride".
Who are the case people? Those who do not understand others because of their detachment. Varenka loves to ride a bicycle with her brother. And Belikov is sure that this is quite a common hobby is not normal! Because it is not worthy to ride a bicycle to someone who teaches stories to young people. And the woman on this vehicle does not look decent at all. Belikov was not ashamed to lay out his thoughts to his brother Varenka, who hates that. And he threatened to report on his enthusiasm for the director of the gymnasium. In response, Varenka's brother let Belikov down the stairs. What in the end? Belikov falls ill - from stress, he does not let go of the thought that someone will know about his shame. And a month later he dies. This is the end.
Well, who are the case people - by exampleBelikova can be understood. And the idea, in principle, Chekhov wanted to convey a simple one. The prose writer tried to convey to readers - a "closed" from society life only cripples the human soul. You can not be outside of the rest. We are all members of a single society. Everything that the person has confused, adjusted - only fences him from life. From the full of colors reality. And indeed it is. Spiritual wretchedness only limits human existence. About what Chekhov reflects in this story.
The man of the 21st century, who read Chekhov,what people are called case. And he is able to recognize them among the rest. Now they are called introverts. These are people whose mental makeup is characterized by concentration for contemplation, isolation and focus on one's own inner world. They are not inclined to communicate with other people - they find it difficult to establish contact with anyone.
However, in order to understand the essence of this term, it is enough to turn to etymology. "Introvert" is a word derived from the German introvertiert. That literally translates as "inverted".