Such an alarming symptom: tachycardia
"Tachycardia" is not called an isolated disease, buta symptom caused by malfunctions in the cardiovascular system. Sometimes an increase in heart rate can be absolutely physiological and does not indicate a pathology. But more often than notthe disease causes an attack of tachycardia. Symptoms in this case should not be ignored in order to prevent serious consequences.
What are the types of tachycardia?
So, it can be both an independent anda normal phenomenon, and a sign of pathologies. Proceeding from this, two main types of tachycardia can be distinguished. Almost everyone knows the physiological. This is the state when it seems that the heart is about to jump out of the chest. To cause such a feeling can be joy, some unexpected impression, panic, fear, anxiety, in a word, any strong emotion. This is absolutely safe tachycardia. Causes, symptoms, treatment or preventive measures to think over to anything. As soon as a stressful or exciting moment passes, the level of hormones that cause increased heart rate will decrease, and the condition will return to normal. The same situation with tachycardia in sports. The change in the rate of heartbeat at similar times is perfectly normal. Quite another matter is a pathological tachycardia. It can occur in the sinus node, in the atria, in the ventricles, it is chronic or paroxysmal. Its presence is an alarming symptom. A tachycardia of this type can also becombined.
Symptoms of tachycardia
The manifestation of the disease can be different. It depends on the age, the general physical condition of the person, the specific type of heart disorders. With a sinus form, symptoms are heart palpitations with the right rhythm and a general decline in strength. Cardiodiagnostics shows an unstable pulse and a typical ECG, which allows the doctor to understand that this is a sinus symptom. Tachycardia originating in the atria is characterized by a sudden rapid heartbeat with a frequency of up to 250 beats per minute and unreasonable panic. In this condition, the patient needs prompt medical attention. At a paroxysm the palpitation raises to 140 blows, pulse at the patient to calculate extremely difficultly, the general or common status is characterized by delicacy. Discomfort in the heart and sternum is another characteristic symptom. Tachycardia of this type is also diagnosed by ECG. The danger of this condition is that in the absence of timely examination, health can deteriorate greatly. In pregnant women tachycardia can lead to loss of consciousness, in children it is often associated with congenital heart disease. So independent attempts to calm the heart rhythm should not be the only help that the body will receive. If you notice an anxiety symptom, tachycardia should be monitored as soon as possible by your doctor.
What causes this condition?
With the causes of physiological tachycardia, everything is clear. And what can cause pathological? What are the attendant factors to judge the likelihood of its appearance? Typically, this condition is associated with an increase in body temperature, ischemia, hormonal disorders, arrhythmia, heart attack, congenital heart disease, hypertension, heart failure, anemia, neurosis or infectious diseases.