Sir Arthur Conan Doyle: The author of "Sherlock Holmes" and not only
Detective, no doubt, is one of the mostpopular and recognizable genres of literature. The first thing that comes to mind when you hear this word is the detective, who is deliberately investigating a brutal murder or an intricate secret. Immediately remember the names of the famous rangers: Miss Marple, Alan Pinkerton, Hercule Poirot and, of course, Sherlock Holmes. His name has already become a household name for a person with amazing deductive abilities and developed logical thinking. Notes on the adventures of this detective have long become a classic of literature, but very few people know what was the author of Sherlock Holmes - Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
Childhood and adolescence
Born Arthur Conan Doyle (surname is sometimes spelledas "Doyle" because of different interpretations from English) May 22, 1859 in Edinburgh, Scotland, in the family of an artist and an architect. Despite the fact that the father of the boy often drank, Arthur received a good primary education, and at the age of nine was sent to a remote boarding school. Unfortunately, about this place the writer had exceptionally negative memories: disgusting food, corporal punishment, low level of teaching.
But it is in this unpleasant place that the future author"Sherlock Holmes" opened his talent for writing. It is because of this that Arthur Conan Doyle became popular among his peers. By the end of his seven-year studies at school, he even began to publish his journal and try himself in versification.
In 1876 Doyle became a medical studentfaculty of the University of Edinburgh. The study was given to him easily, so Arthur devoted his free time to literature. Already in the third year he published one of his stories in a Scottish magazine, in the same year he published his article on medicine in an influential periodical. In 1881, the graduate doctor Sherlock Holmes went to West Africa as a ship's doctor. Before that, by the way, he already had experience of long-distance voyage: the expedition to the Arctic was not in vain. Returning from the voyage, Doyle began to work as a doctor, a couple of years, defended his doctorate in medicine.
But behind all the worries, he did not forget about creativity. In 1886 Arthur Conan Doyle became known as a prose writer. "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" - the first stories about the famous detective - appeared in periodicals.
Fame and ... throwing?
In 1889, Doyle and his wife and little daughterleave the UK. The ambitious doctor decides to move to Austria, where he studied for a while, to go from general therapy to ophthalmology, but a couple of months later the couple returns to London. Arthur opens a private cabinet for a while, trying to combine medicine and literature, but in 1891 completely disappears into the universe called "Sherlock Holmes." The author of fascinating stories became more and more popular every day, he allowed himself to demand huge money for stories, and periodicals were ready to pay fabulous fees for the opportunity to print Doyle. At the same time Arthur travels with his family around the world, writes, teaches at various universities. In 1897, returning to the United Kingdom, he tries himself as a playwright - and the world receives a theatrical version of "Sherlock Holmes".
In December 1899, the Anglo-Boer War began. Having thrown a series of stories "Sherlock Holmes", the author is a volunteer doctor sent to the front. Three years later, Arthur Conan Doyle received the prefix "sir" and the title of knight for serving the Crown in a difficult time of war. The experience was reflected in the book The Great Boer War.
After the war, Arthur once again leavesmedical practice, this time for the sake of politics. True, he could not win even in local elections, so very soon he refused this idea. In 1906, after the death of his wife, he marries for the second time, and the new union brings him not only children but also inspiration for writing theatrical versions of some of the stories from the series "Sherlock Holmes": the author of the work was able to achieve the production of "The Motley Ribbon", and "Brigadier Gerard" and "Rodney Stone" (in the latter case the name was changed to "Terpurley's House"). In the same period, the "Hound of the Baskervilles" is published - a novel about one of the most famous cases of a genius detective.
But the sense of domestic duty was invincible, so it is not surprising that with the outbreak of World War I, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle again joined the ranks of the British Army volunteers.
Returning from a new war, the author of "Sherlock Holmes"reveals for itself spiritualism. Unusual and, admittedly, a rare teaching so fascinated Doyle that in 1922 he once again leaves Britain and leaves with his family in the United States, where he intends to seriously engage in the propaganda of spiritualism. Almost two years he spent traveling, trying to interest as many overseas people as possible with esoteric teachings, but at the end of the twenties Arthur Conan Doyle returned to Europe. In 1929 he went on a trip to the countries of Northern Europe, during which he writes his last book, not connected with the already-tired Sherlock Holmes (his author even once tried to kill him, but because of pressure from the public he was forced to resurrect character).
On July 7, 1930, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle passed away. He was 71 years old.
Pass by such a bright and uncommon image,as Sherlock Holmes, is almost impossible, therefore, during the life of his author, writers began to appear, expressing their vision of this unusual hero. The stories about the destiny of the detective were written by the son of Arthur Conan Doyle, and Franklin Roosevelt - one of the most famous US presidents.
In the nineties of the twentieth century in the territorypost-Soviet space, a large number of books of the Sherlock Holmes series of other authors (A. Shaburin, V. Petrin, M. Trushin, etc.), hinted that new stories were found in Dr. Watson's suitcase. The number of imitators Doyle's genius is really huge, and, probably, in every version of the stories about the genius of the detectives there is something surprisingly intriguing.