Medicine "Prozerin" (shots): indications and method of application
The drug "Prozerin" - ampoules with a solution for subcutaneous intravenous administration. The active substance is neostigmine. The drug has the ability to normalize the neuromuscular transmission, improve the motility of the digestive tract. At the same time, the tone of the bronchi and bladder increases, the activity of the exocrine glands improves. The drug Prozerin (injections) provokes a decrease in pressure (arterial and ocular), causes bradycardia.
The drug is prescribed for myasthenic syndrome and myasthenia, peripheral paralysis of the striated muscles. The drug is indicated for reduced labor. Means "Prozerin" (shots) is prescribed after meningitis (in the recovery period), polio, encephalitis. The indications include atrophy of the optic nerve, neuritis, atony of the bladder, stomach and intestines.In ophthalmology, the tool is used to reduce intracranial pressure during narrowing of the pupils, angle-closure glaucoma. The drug "Prozerin" (shots) is prescribed as an antidote for anti-depolarizing muscle relaxants when respiratory depression and against the background of muscle weakness after anesthesia.
Mode of application
The drug is administered subcutaneously to adults at a dose of 0.5 mg once or twice a day. The maximum allowed per dose is 2 mg, per day - 6 mg. In case of myasthenic crisis, 0.5 mg is injected intravenously, then subcutaneously, taking into account the above doses. To enhance the effect of the drug allowed the use of a five percent solution of the drug "Ephedrine". On the background of myasthenia in some cases, the drug "Proserin" (shots) combined with anabolic compounds, corticosteroids. With a weakened labor activity, the drug is injected subcutaneously. This is how labor is stimulated. The introduction is carried out in milliliter once or twice with an interval of one hour. The first injection is combined with the use of a subcutaneous solution of atropine sulfate. For children, the dose is calculated by age: 0.05 mg per year of life. At the same time, the amount of the drug administered should not exceed 0.375 mg at one time. Children are usually prescribed medication once a day.
Medicine "Prozerin" (shots).Adverse reactions. Contraindications
On the background of injections may be observed dyspeptic symptoms: nausea, pain in the abdomen, diarrhea. There is a decrease in pressure, frequent urination, an increase in bronchial tone, an increase in the activity of the glands, and allergies (itching, rash). Some patients feel weakness, twitching of skeletal muscles. The medication "Prozerin" (reviews of experts confirm this) is not prescribed for bronchial asthma, epilepsy, angina pectoris, and hyperkinesis. Contraindications include mechanical obstruction of the urinary tract or the digestive tract, as well as atherosclerosis. The drug is not recommended for debilitated children during intoxications or acute pathologies. The drug is also contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to its components. No medicine is prescribed during pregnancy and lactation.