Joint rheumatism: symptoms and diagnosis of the disease
Rheumatism is a pathology of the connective tissues of the body that can affect the heart muscle, skin, lungs, and even the brain. But in everyday life, by this word we mean, as a rule, a disease of the joints, which in medicine is called "rheumatic arthritis" or "rheumatic polyarthritis".
It is believed that people with a genetic predisposition have a tendency to rheumatism and, moreover, those who have suffered from diseases caused by streptococcal infection. This streptococcus (group A) for a long time can live on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, without causing harm. But at the time of weakening of immunity, he is able to excite such diseases as angina, pharyngitis and scarlet fever. And their complications and becomes rheumatism. This disease is a peculiar manifestation of an allergy to an excessive immune response of the body to streptococcus.
Joint rheumatism: symptoms of onset
Articular rheumatism, as a rule, affects the large joints of our body: knees, shoulders, elbows. It is the ones that the person loads the most, or those that have been injured. With the defeat of the disease, the joint becomes red, swollen, hot. The pain causes not only movement, but also a touch (sometimes even a blanket can be very painful). The temperature rises to 40 ° C. Very rarely, the disease affects only one shoulder or knee, for example. With the defeat of several joints, the illness is acutely manifested in one, and then, after a few hours, in the other. And in the first, the painful sensations become less pronounced. Such a "volatile" nature of the inflammatory process is fraught with the fact that more and more new joints are drawn into the disease. True, the pain in patients with rheumatism may suddenly (about a week) disappear. Deformity of the joints does not occur in this case, due to the fact that the disease is benign. But this should not mislead the patient. The disease did not go away, but only lurked for a while, and at a convenient situation it can arise again.
Joint rheumatism: symptoms of repeated attacks
The repeated attacks, as compared with the first one, are usually expressed sluggishly: the pain is no longer so unbearable: you can move, the body temperature is insignificant (not higher than 37.5 ° C). Some patients do not even pay attention to the exacerbation of the disease, continuing to engage in daily activities and trying to be treated with folk remedies. But timely treatment to the doctor and adequate therapy will avoid many of the problems and the mass of complications that can occur with chronic rheumatism.
Joint rheumatism: symptoms of complications
Often, in combination with the main disease in a patient, rheumatic heart disease is also observed - inflammation of the muscle tissue of the heart. Its symptoms are manifested in shortness of breath, pain in the heart, tachycardia, sweating, weakness and cough during physical exertion. In addition, the person suffers from low-grade fever. Sometimes a complication of rheumatism of the joints is damage to the lungs, nervous system, skin and other organs. Therefore, the first thing that needs to be done when symptoms of rheumatism appear is to see a doctor.
Articular rheumatism: diagnosis
There are still no tests that could be used to clearly determine the presence of rheumatism. But very significant in this case are laboratory tests for the presence of streptococcus antibodies. Already at the very beginning of the disease, their level significantly increases. No less informative are the ECG of the heart. All these examinations will help the doctor diagnose: "rheumatism of the joints." The symptoms of this disease respond well to the action of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs that regulate protein and mineral balance. Do not be ill!