How to treat a subcutaneous tick?
Such a common disease as a subcutaneous tick in humans is called demodicosis in medicine, although strictly speaking, the subcutaneous tick is not a disease. Demodecosis is just a skin condition. And now I will explain to you why.
Subcutaneous mite on the face: causes
A mite called demodex lives on the skin, while in different parts of the skin there live two of its varieties: demodex breve and demodex follicularum. In different states of the body, the tick multiplies quickly enough, which, respectively, means an increased release of the products of the tick's vital activity. This leads to the fact that inflammation occurs on the skin of the face, causing some people considerable inconvenience. However, demodex mite is very necessary for the skin, since it participates in the formation of a normal biocenosis on it, interferes with the reproduction of various disease-causing organisms, and also participates in the formation of normal pH balance (acid-base balance) of the skin. Proper pH balance protects the skin from all sorts of harmful effects.In conditions such as hormonal disorders, long-term medication, chronic diseases that disrupt the normal state of the skin microflora, as well as immunodeficiencies, the subcutaneous tick begins active reproduction. This happens because the pH of the skin changes significantly, and the protective mechanisms that inhibit the microflora no longer work.
Subcutaneous Tick: Symptoms
There are primary and secondary demodicosis. Primary demodicosis always occurs on unchanged skin of the face. Here, the person has just been healthy, has not made any complaints at all, and suddenly, all of a sudden, symptoms of a subcutaneous tick appear. Secondary demodicosis is usually much more common. It comes as a backdrop with various diseases of the skin of the face. As a rule, these can be diseases such as seborrheic dermatitis, acne, rosacea, or perioral dermatitis. All these diseases can and are often accompanied by secondary demodicosis. As for the symptoms, signs of a subcutaneous tick are most often reddening of the skin of the zone. Localization here may be the following: forehead, eyelashes, eyebrows, chin, nose wings and the area around the mouth (the so-called perioral zone).Redness caused by demodicosis is often accompanied by itching and sometimes crawling. This is because the waste products of the subcutaneous tick cause irritation of the nerve receptors of the skin, which causes itching and crawling. In addition, the accession of a secondary infection in some cases can lead to the appearance of pustules (pustules).
How to cure subcutaneous mite: diagnosis
Before discussing the treatment directly, it is necessary to say a few words about the diagnosis. Often, patients come to the dermatologist who say that they have a Demodex tick and it is imperative that it be treated, even though these patients do not have any clinical manifestations of the subcutaneous tick. Here it must be said that the mite can be found on any skin, if we take scrapings from those parts of the skin (for example, on the face) where it lives, it is normal. Therefore, it is not so much a qualitative analysis that is quantitative. Scraping taken from areas that cause suspicion of demodicosis and then count the number of ticks. Demodecosis is a condition in which there are five or more ticks per skin per square centimeter.If such a picture is observed, the symptoms that bother the patient are most often associated with the reproduction of the subcutaneous tick. As for the treatment, I want to calm you down - it is quite possible to get rid of this tick, and even completely. However, it is not necessary to completely “heal the skin” because the subcutaneous tick is a completely normal inhabitant of the microflora, and if you achieve its complete disappearance, this will only lead to your skin becoming too sensitive. Its barrier functions will be impaired, and the same peeling and reddening areas will be observed on the skin.
Subcutaneous mite: treatment
First of all, choose the right skin care for your face: exclude various fatty substances: for example, fatty creams or milk for washing. These funds most often contribute to the fact that the subcutaneous tick will actively multiply against such a background. Of course, it is advisable to first consult with a dermatologist. Traditional remedies that are also used to treat scabies are ichthyol, benzyl benzoate, tar, Yam ointment. All of these drugs are also active against Demodex.They contribute to a significant decrease in the population of ticks on the skin of the face. In addition, they use and means that normalize the metabolism and preparations for sensitive skin. Typically, a drug such as metronidazole is prescribed. However, it is used externally. Most often, a long course of treatment is prescribed so that the microflora of the skin is completely normalized.
Modern methods of treatment
Of the modern tools used azelaic acid, or rather preparations made on its basis. Azelaic acid has a pronounced antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect. Also as a good antimicrobial agent, sulfur is also used. Do not forget to be examined by an ophthalmologist, since Demodex lives in the hair follicles of the eyelids and eyelashes. Often a strong inflammatory process affects the eyesight, so the ophthalmologist must prescribe his treatment in this case, if necessary. In dermatological clinics, cryomassage is prescribed to relieve inflammation, as well as ozone therapy to restore skin balance. In the absence of symptoms, phototherapy or mesotherapy can be administered with various anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins and metronidazole.
How to treat a subcutaneous mite: prevention
As you know, prevention is the best treatment. Therefore, it is very important to provide proper skin care - especially on the face and to carry out timely treatment of various inflammatory diseases, especially chronic ones. Also try to treat skin diseases on the face in time and eat right, as problems with the gastrointestinal tract can also affect the condition of the skin.