How to paint a concrete floor: features, recommendations and reviews
Concrete surfaces are not usually painted, this also applies to floors. The material is strong enough, but it is still exposed to various kinds of chemical and mechanical influences. Chips cannot be excluded.
In order to dedust the surface and prolong the life, it can be painted. This will improve the room. But first you need to decide the best paint concrete floor.
Epoxy and alkyd paints with antistatic and anti-slip properties are commonly used to paint concrete floors. They are resistant to chemicals. Epoxy mixtures are prepared, mixed and tinted, while alkyd mixtures are fully ready for application. But before starting to work with alkyd paint, the surface will need to be coated with a primer, but the epoxy composition does not require it.
If you are confronted with the question of how to paint a concrete floor, then you should know that for this work, ground mixes are often used that are suitable for renewing a neglected floor.
Bright color coating can be obtained by applying tinting impregnation. Polymeric compositions hide all defects and provide alignment. But if you use special putty, the coating can be made monolithic. Additional decoration can be achieved with glitters that do not fade over time.
Before you decide how to paint a concrete floor, you must consider the characteristics of the room. If we are talking about a production workshop, where shock loads and mechanical damage are possible, high reliability coverage will be required. In this case, wear-resistant mixtures are commonly used.
For compositions that are used for the formation of thin-layer self-leveling coatings, varnishes or polyurethane enamels are used, which are suitable for civilian surfaces. If you are among those consumers who are thinking about the question of how to paint a concrete floor in the garage, then you should purchase a tool for industrial premises, based on epoxy enamel and solvents.
Epoxy paint features
How to paint a concrete floor so as not to dust - such a question can comprehend you. For this, epoxy paint is often used, which is characterized by durability and high strength, it prolongs the life of the material and ensures an attractive appearance.
The paint is resistant to chemical environments and external influences, during operation, it can contact with substances by type:
- salt solutions;
- combustive-lubricating materials.
Epoxy paint has waterproofing properties and is able to withstand impressive loads, adhering in the process of application with concrete. Over time, the coating will not yellow and will not be erased. Therefore, the mixture can even be used in the hangars of production workshops, in parking lots and car repair shops.
This paint is also suitable for open areas, because it is resistant to weathering. Its application can be carried out in enclosed spaces. One of the main advantages is the possibility of covering fresh concrete, which has not yet had time to dry.
If you want to deal with how to paint a concrete floor in the garage, you should know that when using epoxy paint you will need to mix the two components. Sometimes problems arise when re-applying the mixture. So, if you want to change the color of the floor, then it will be quite difficult to do.
Recommendations on whether to choose acrylic paint
Acrylic paint is a water composition based on acrylic resin, to which various polymers are added. The composition eliminates the destruction of the material due to corrosion and forms on the surface of the polymer protective barrier that prevents various kinds of effects.
The coating is durable, reliable and moisture resistant. It has waterproof performance, so with acrylic paint you can renew the floor in the basement, garage or balcony.
The application is quite simple and convenient. You can use:
You can apply one layer, but to improve the performance of the coating can be applied in two layers. Complete drying should be expected after 14 h.
Reviews of polyurethane enamel
Quite relevant, according to consumers, is the question of how to paint a concrete floor on the street. For this, polyurethane enamel, which is usually two-component, is excellent. This does not affect the quality. This structure is intended not only for external, but also internal works. The advantages should be highlighted:
- environmental friendliness;
- economical consumption;
- weather resistance;
- excellent mechanical and chemical strength;
- high covering ability;
- the formation of a perfectly glossy surface.
Application, as advised by home craftsmen, is carried out at a temperature not lower than +5 ° C, the humidity of the air should not exceed 75%. When preparing the composition, the first ingredient is first mixed, and then the second is added to it.
Coloring is best done in two stages. On the first layer a thin uniform layer is applied without streaks and spillages, which is left no more than a day. If the question of how to paint a concrete floor is important to you, then you should know that polyurethane enamel has one important drawback, which is expressed in a long drying time. It may take about 14 days.The minimum time of polymerization, as stressed by consumers, is 2 days. Such a time variation is due to the fact that the coating acquires mechanical stability only after a week, and after two - resistance to chemicals.
Features of polyurethane primer
If you use paint to upgrade the concrete surface there is no desire, then you can use a polyurethane primer. It acts as a protective coating, which is applied before applying the finish paint. The primer can be epoxy or polyurethane. The latter ensures the filling of fine pores and dedusting, and also strengthens the material, giving it excellent adhesion to the coating.
Substance resistant to:
- chemical substances;
If you pay attention to the name, you will understand that the polyurethane primer is designed to prepare the floor before painting with polyurethane enamel. These mixtures have almost identical compositions. But you can use the paint only 12 hours after the completion of the application of the primer.As advantages, it is possible to highlight the simplicity and ease of application, improvement of adhesive characteristics, as well as reducing the consumption of the final coating.
The choice of floor paint in the bath
Quite often, suburban real estate owners think about how to paint the concrete floor in the bath. For this purpose 4 types of paints are used:
- acrylic silicone.
About acrylic was discussed above. They can make the surface glossy, semi-matte or matte. Ordinary water and diluents are used for dissolving. The painted surface can be operated after 48 hours. Paint should not be used on floors that were previously painted with polyurethane or epoxy products.
If you also solve the problem of how to paint a concrete floor in a bath, then you should also pay attention to two-component epoxy compounds that are mixed with a mixer before use. The preparation is a primer, which is the same epoxy compound, diluted with water by 25%.
Acrylic silicone blend allows you to create a protective barrier, which consists of several layers.The interval between application and is 4 hours. Normal water is used for dilution. Among the disadvantages of acrylic silicone formulations should be a small palette of colors and fast fading.
Description of alkyd-urethane compositions
If you, too, were among those consumers who decide how to paint a concrete floor, then you should consider alkyd-urethane compositions that have excellent hiding power and can be applied in several layers. Paints are resistant to abrasion and high temperatures. Alcohol is used for dilution, which is added in the amount of 15% by weight. The mixture is good because it allows you to get a glossy surface. Visiting the store, you can choose a shade from a wide palette of colors.
Reviews of bathroom paint "Betolux"
If during the repair you have a question about how to paint the concrete floor in the bathroom, then you can consider "Betolux". This composition is intended for wet floors. It can be used on surfaces that were previously painted with epoxy or alkyd mixtures.
Consumers like that this paint has a wide range of use, because it can be used not only on concrete, but also on wooden surfaces.It allows you to get a glossy shine that makes the room more spacious visually. The floor will reflect light, like the surface of a lake.
Consumption and scope
According to consumers, this urethane-alkyd paint is excellent for floors in saunas and baths. It can be used for maintenance staining. The treated surface during operation may be subject to moderate chemical and mechanical stress. To get the desired color you can call the mix. From the words of home craftsmen, the consumption of concrete is quite economical and reaches 9 m2/ l. The composition is realized in a convenient container with a volume from 0.9 to 18 liters. White spirit is used as a diluent.
Paint for the floor in the apartment "Profi"
How to paint a concrete floor in an apartment - this is the question many real estate owners are asking today. An excellent option can be enamel "Profi", which is offered in 5 standard colors. Consumption reaches 11 m2/ l. The final value can be reduced to 8 m2/ l and depends on the absorbency of the base and method of application.
Drying time and area of use
After completion of the work, the drying time can be 10 hours. This glossy alkyd-urethane enamel can be applied not only on concrete, but also metal, as well as wooden surfaces with a high operational load.