How to choose the right tires for a car for summer and winter
Why is it important for the summer and winter? If the tires are selected for the season and fit for the car, driving safety is guaranteed, there is confidence on the road and comfort in the trip.
If we recall minor accidents: a broken headlight, a dent on the wing or a scratch on the bumper, a nightmare! The reason - the discrepancy to the road conditions of tires, hence a large stopping distance and repair costs that can be avoided. Even expensive models pay off repeatedly.
Before you start choosing, decide on the category of tires.
Highway- highway tires. Designed for driving on paved roads, whether wet or dry. In winter, you can not use categorically, they do not provide a strong grip.
All Season or All Weather- all season tires. They have traction on a wet or winter road, combined with comfort. Wear resistant protectors.
Performance- high-speed tires.Created for high-end cars. They have enhanced grip properties with the track, a high and comfortable level of control. Resist temperature loads. One minus - quick wear.
All season performance- all-season high-speed tires. Appeared recently, thanks to the use of the latest technologies in production and created for those who need speed characteristics when operating a vehicle, including driving on ice or snow.
When choosing stop on two categories of tires. Winter is made of soft rubber, in the summer it softens and loses quality, wears quickly. The summer ones are made of hard rubber and in winter they become elastic, they lose their grip with the road.
There are all-season tires; during their operation you can find enough "pitfalls". They do a worse job than specialized ones.
Properly choosing summer tires
The tire tread pattern is a factor in traction. Coupling provides an asymmetrical pattern, which the deeper, the better driving in rainy weather. On summer tires there are special grooves in which water comes out from under the wheels.This rubber is marked Rain or Aqua, and tires with a V-shaped pattern on the treads are suitable for dry coating. These drawings are inherent in summer tires.
The size is specified in the technical documentation of the car. Usually indicated several sizes.It is advisable to recall the rule: in the summer tires are put wider than in winter.It is better not to deviate from the recommendations of the standard sizes of the manufacturer. When using non-standard tires (the circumference of the vehicle being operated is different from the standard one), inaccurate speedometer readings are possible (mileage and even speed).
Balancing is an equally important feature. If the discs are free of defects and the tire is not balanced on the discs, return it to the seller as a defect. Any driver knows that unbalanced tires wear faster and cause a beating at high speed.
Buy new or used tires?
Do drivers have a question, take new tires or used? The right question. Sometimes used summer tires are preferable to buy than new low-quality ones. True, used tires serve less. If you do not change in time, there will be problems with handling, and with the police.
If the question rests on finances, this is an opportunity to save without risk to life and health.If you are talking about saving, you should know that the products of the promoted brand are more expensive than the less known ones. It is impossible to put different types of rubber on one axle. Ideally, all 4 tires should be the same.
How to choose winter tires
Winter is far, but prepare sleighs in summer! Buying winter tires in the summer, you can save. In season, they are more expensive than in summer. Of course, you can not take winter tires. You can travel all winter and summer, but this is a risk not only for the car, but also a danger to others.
The choice of winter tires depends on the weather conditions that prevail in the region. Therefore, it is impossible to give an accurate assessment of winter tires; it cannot be said that some are better than others. There are general recommendations that will help pick up winter tires for the car.
Spikes or not spikes?
With the help of spikes, it is possible to achieve a higher coefficient of coupling of winter tires to the road. If you buy studded, you have two options: buy studded from the factory or studded with ordinary winter tires. The more spikes, the more reliable the clutch, fewer slip and stopping distance. The best effect is if the spikes are located randomly, and not along one line.You need to know, studding is not performed on every winter tires, consult the seller.
Most of the winter (especially in cities) sleet lies on the roads. In this case, buy not studded tires. There are several reasons for this:
- studded ineffective when accelerating a car or braking it on asphalt,
- on studded tires on asphalt there is a smaller patch of wheel contact with the road, which worsens the car’s handling and increases danger.
Studded while driving on asphalt extract a lot of noise.
If you have to ride in the snow, keep in mind that the handling of the vehicle depends on the tread pattern on the winter tires. As practice shows, tires with a large number of checkers arranged in a checkerboard pattern have the greatest effect. Pay attention to the depth of the pattern, the basic parameters of most models - 9-10 mm. There are strips on protectors, they are called lamellae. They affect the grip. Due to the strips, studded and not studded winter tires hold the road more reliably.
When driving on wet snow, use rubber with a directional tread pattern, which facilitates the outflow of slush from under the wheels.The drawing is similar to the drawing of summer tires for rain, the so-called herringbone.
Choose the size of tires for winter from those recommended by the automaker. Wide tires increase contact with the road, and grip reduces. If there was no right size, buy a little smaller in width, but with a higher profile in height.
The operation of winter tires requires certain rules. Many "pereobuyvayut" car when the first snow fell and there is ice. This is erroneous, as it leads to an increase in accidents at the beginning of winter. It is recommended to change tires when the temperature is set at 7 degrees outside.
Winter "shoes" need careful operation at the initial stage. Smooth running in without sudden braking and a sharp start, accurate cornering - recommendations for extending the operation time of winter tires.
Is it possible to put winter tires only on the drive wheels?
Often there is a question: is it possible to put winter tires only on driving wheels to save money? As experts say, this affects the behavior of the machine is not for the better. Consider the examples.
- If the rear wheel drive car, then when braking, the mass is transferred to the front wheels. So, there is practically no benefit from winter tires only on the rear wheels.
- If the car enters the turn on the icy road, and studded tires only on the rear wheels, the car will be bad to obey the steering wheel.
- The installed winter tires on the front wheels of the front wheel drive cars will make it possible to start moving faster, but when braking or dropping speed, the rear wheels can go skidding, and this is already an emergency.
Do not tempt fate, do not save on small, and buy a full set of winter tires. This is especially true of unexpected situations, when a vehicle skids or emergency braking occurs, the car will be more confident to hold if there is a full set of winter tires.
Do not forget to stick the sign "W", if there is studded tires. Other drivers will realize that you have a short braking distance and will keep their distance. Have a good trip!