Foundation construction: highlights
The foundation is one of the main zonesbuilding a house. From how clearly the calculation of the foundation was made, many characteristics of the entire structure depend. That is why the construction of foundations is considered the beginning of construction. Before you start building your house, you need to explore the whole site to determine what kind of soil it is on, whether there are solid layers and at what depth they lie. Further actions will depend on these characteristics.
The construction of foundations is also influenced by the futurehouse planning. Before starting work, it is better to have a ready project. You can do it yourself, but it's better to order it in a company that does it. True, it will cost money. Often, when building a house in the country, the owner himself makes small calculations based on each type of work. Having made preliminary calculations, you can start purchasing the right material.
Sometimes, in order to simplify their task,the construction of foundations for a house, a garage, a barn and even a bath are united into one large area. Especially if the garage is planned on the first floor. Ribbon foundation is good for the construction of a not very large house, most often it is a frame from a beam or a combination of logs. But for him it is necessary to prepare a trench around the perimeter. Depending on the depth of occurrence, it is divided into two types. The shallow depth type is practically at ground level. This option is best used for garage or barn. For the house the buried foundation is more suitable.
The use of poles instead of ribbons simplifiesconstruction of foundations. Less need to dig, since the poles are located at the extreme points of the perimeter of the house and in the junction of the walls. Depending on the size of the house, you can set additional fixing points under especially long beams. To reduce the load on the ground, the strip foundation is made with a foundation cushion. Sometimes instead of it make a slope from the inside of the wall, thereby increasing the wall area. An intermediate version is also possible, which includes both a strip foundation and the presence of pillars.
The pile makes it even simplerpreparatory work. The technology of building a foundation with the use of screw piles allows you to do without using machinery. The number of necessary support points depends on the project of the house, on the variant of their distribution. Piles can be arranged in a row in the form of a tape, in groups of several pieces or bushes.
Plate foundation can be used on hard ground. With his weight, he additionally rammed the pad. But here you may need a technique to bring reinforced concrete slabs to the site.
Regardless of the type chosen, manufacturingThe foundation assumes the filling of a grillage. It is he who unites pillars or piles in a single complex. Sometimes it is used instead of the rough floor. Grillage allows all supports to be stably held in the ground, preventing displacement and subsidence of the soil. All elements of the future foundation before pouring concrete are connected with reinforcement. It allows you to make the grip of all supports more flexible and durable.