Fireplace Biofuel: Composition and Species
Biofuel is made from natural raw materials based on the waste products of organisms. Products of plant and animal origin, which are obtained in the processing of biological waste, can be used in the production process. Biofuels for the fireplace is the best type of fuel that does not require the presence of a chimney.
Applied material for ekokaminov. Use in the production of renewable plant resources gave the prefix "bio". Firewood is denatured ethanol, which is based on ordinary ethanol. This ingredient is an alcohol that is obtained by the fermentation of plant-based sugar-containing crops, among them:
- cane sugar.
It is possible to obtain pure alcohol by hydrolysis of the raw material, which has a high content of cellulose An example is wood and straw.
Properties of biofuels
Ethanol in the process of denaturation acquires the properties of a neutral environmental impact. The material does not adversely affect the human body, and its combustion is decomposition with the formation of a certain amount of heat, steam and carbon monoxide. When biofuel is used for the fireplace, it is possible to get even beautiful fiery tongues.
The fuel is safe, it is odorless, does not produce smoke and burns without soot. This eliminates the need to install a hood for smoke. Heat is not lost, it remains in the room. All this indicates that the efficiency is equal to 95%. If you compare the appearance of the flame, which is obtained by burning biofuels, so that is formed when burning logs, there are almost no differences. Biofuel is used in the form of a gel that has sea salt in the composition. It allows you to achieve the characteristic crackle of firewood.
Types of biofuels
Biofuel for a fireplace is made today in large quantities in the countries of Europe, North and South America. Brazil is a leader in ethanol production. Everything produced in the world of biofuels can be classified into several types, among them:
Biodiesel is obtained from vegetable oils, biogas is a kind of natural gas. It is made from waste and debris that undergo special treatment. As for bioethanol, it contains alcohol and is a substitute for gasoline. If you need biofuel for a fireplace, then you can consider biodiesel in more detail. It is based on processed vegetable fats of animal and microbial origin. The raw materials are the following oils:
In the production can be used in the processing of food processing industry. The development is based on the technology of biodiesel production from algae. In Europe, biodiesel is most commonly used, based on oil.
The composition of bioethanol
Liquid biofuels for fireplaces can be represented by bioethanol. It is an alcohol that is produced during the fermentation of carbohydrates. The latter are found in corn, sugar cane, sugar and starch. The raw materials for making are trees, grasses and other cellulosic biomass. If you decide to use bioethanol, the product will be a colorless liquid that does not smell.
Biofuel when burning does not form carbon monoxide, while there is no soot and soot. When working with fuel, fireplaces emit such amount of soot, the volume of which is no more than when burning a conventional candle. If ethanol is used as a fuel, its combustion is accompanied by the release of only water and carbon dioxide. Therefore, the flame does not have the traditional orange hue.
In order to achieve naturalness, the described fuels are supplemented with additives. Due to them, the fire takes on an orange color and looks more natural as well as rich. Biofuel for fireplaces, the composition of which was mentioned in the article, can be used as an energy carrier for the operation of lighting devices. For example, a kerosene lamp, working in conjunction with biofuels, will not emit soot, there will be no smell, and if you use kerosene, you will not avoid similar consequences.
If you want to use a home fireplace for biofuel, you can make a tool for its work independently. Many pharmacies today offer ethanol, the concentration of which ranges from 90 to 96%. Liquid fuel based on it is quite simple to manufacture.For painting, you can use household refined gasoline, which is often replaced by fuel for lighters. If you want to make sure of quality, then you should check how transparent the product is and whether it has a smell.
In order to make your own biofuel for the fireplace with your own hands, you should add about 100 g of gasoline to a liter of alcohol. The composition is mixed, and it is recommended to use it immediately, because after a while the ingredients will separate. On such fuel, the foci work without hoods and chimneys; however, the room should be aired from time to time, this will eliminate the lack of oxygen and excessive humidity.
Consumption and efficiency
As practice shows, the efficiency of biofuels is approximately 95%. If you use odorless bioethanol, then its average consumption per hour will be about 0.36 l. If you burn 1 liter of substance, then you can get about 5 kWh of thermal energy. If you compare the Ekokamina with an electric heater of 3 kW, then the efficiency of these devices are similar. But the first one will additionally humidify the air, while the second, on the contrary, will dry it.
If you want to get a natural fireplace, you should purchase a model with artificial logs. Usually they are made of refractory ceramics, and when exposed to elevated temperatures begin to turn red. Fireplaces on biofuels, photos of which you can see in the article, can work, highlighting the aroma of pine needles. To do this, use a few drops of essential oil. When burning, you will see a flame of a bluish hue, which is true for biofuels of plant origin.
Advantages and disadvantages of biofuels
A biofuel fireplace without a chimney can be purchased today at any store of the relevant products. Such equipment works on a special substance, which has some pros and cons. For example, efficiency and expense are those factors that concern consumers first and foremost. In just one hour of work, a modern biofireplace will burn 500 ml of fuel. The amount of heat generated will be equal to 6.58 kWh per liter of biofuel.
In terms of efficiency, such equipment is quite attractive. Additional advantages include the fact that biofuel is a clean product from an environmental point of view. Burning you can regulate.The use of additional hoods and other expensive equipment is excluded. Burners after burning biofuels are easy to clean.
The biofireplaces themselves have reliable thermal insulation of the hull, so they showed fire safety and reliability during operation. If necessary, the equipment can be dismantled and assembled as soon as possible. Bioethanol is easy to transport. Heat transfer will be 100%, because there is no heat loss. There is no need to collect firewood, dirt and debris will not be generated in the house. Burning eliminates the return of the flame. Fuel has an affordable price, which is essential for the family budget.
Among the minuses can be identified only minor trifles, they are expressed in the fact that biofuels can not be drained during operation of the fireplace. Do not store the substance near an open flame source. It is not recommended to kindle fuel using logs or paper, for this purpose special iron lighters are on sale.
Biofuel is used today for fireplaces that are operated in enclosed spaces without ventilation outlets and chimneys.This expanded the use of devices that can be installed in an apartment, office or at the cottage.