Curiosity is what is it? The development of curiosity in children
Inquisitiveness is the basis of all ideas, inventions and creative actions. It creates inventors, innovators, discoverers, creators, craftsmen. The result of curiosity can be valuable both for the person himself and for his environment.
What is curiosity
Curiosity is an interest in obtaining new knowledge, inner openness to people, phenomena, the world around, a sincere desire to satisfy cognitive needs and get a new experience or impression.
In the process of life, the mind needs new information, and the soul needs experiencing. Inquisitiveness is inherent in open people who trust, which is incompatible with anger. Curiosity implies a willingness to learn, the acquisition of experience from knowledgeable. It stimulates the development.
Inquisitiveness involves a person in the world of discovery,It brings positive emotions, frees from indifference, encourages action, broadens the mind and allows you to look at the world without stereotypes.
Due to the curiosity of researchers, science does not stand still; in combination with diligence, this quality gives unsurpassed results.
Curiosity "creates" the best students.
An inquisitive person is distinguished by a full-fledged perception and genuine attention to the interlocutor. There are no boring topics for him; in any of them he will find something exciting.
Rare curiosity brings negative experience. If, as a result of knowledge, it is revealed that something cannot be changed, this state of affairs is depressing.
Sometimes the desire to master new information or conduct a risky experiment involves great trouble. There are enough examples of how curiosity generated by a ban turned into not only accidents, but also lifelong complexes in the use of ordinary things (matches, water, electricity).
Interest can play into the hand of gloating or turn into a lever of control, help to understand the psychological causes of failure.Thus, curiosity is an interest in one direction or another, which can be equated with virtues, and curiosity simply goes beyond the limits of one’s own interests and can bring both benefit and harm.
The relationship of curiosity with other qualities
The more knowledge a person receives, the stronger his curiosity. Educators, teachers also base the learning process on the fact that children's curiosity and learning are interrelated.
Thanks to observation, ability to notice details, interest easily arises and meditation is activated. Curiosity and observation are directly dependent on each other.
Inquisitive person is well informed. By receiving news about people, country and world, a holistic perception is developed.
With the increase of professional qualifications, curiosity is stimulated, without it there is no professional success.
A few tips for developing curiosity
1. It is necessary to discard the view that everything that a person needs is already known, because in any direction there is the unknown, and there is always something to learn.
2Feel free to ask. Every stupid question removes from ignorance and brings closer to enlightenment.
3. It is not necessary to strive for the ideal, it is enough to adhere to a balanced state: the interest to complement the enjoyment of new experience. Development should be happy, and then everything will happen by itself.
4. You need to work regularly, albeit little by little, to develop appropriate habits. Avoid extremes.
5. Do not retreat: every person fails, even a great one.
6. Develop intuition. In combination with the fundamental logic of intuition gives amazing results.
Examples of curiosity
Eternal questions like "what's inside?" we ask since childhood. And if a person split an atom, invented electricity and much more, it is only because of his curiosity!
Albert Einstein considered the ability to ask questions to be one of the main conditions for success. Curiosity, self-criticism, persistent endurance, he said, led him to astounding ideas.
The history of science is replete with examples of curiosity, the result of which was a dizzying success.There are also cases where the researcher managed to come very close to the discovery, but the discoverer's laurels were being delivered to others! For example, the famous Michael Faraday in the process of electrolysis could open an elementary electric charge, but, apparently, was too focused on the process of electrolysis.
Inquisitiveness contributed to the emergence of the theory of Charles Darwin. Due to the persistence of the researcher, he was able to take place as a revolutionary science.
Peter I was highly endowed with curiosity, as history speaks eloquently. Mass reforms and transformations in the state are proof of this.
For Leonardo da Vinci, curiosity became one of the seven qualities that contributed to the development of his genius, and, as he believed, could help anyone to become a genius. According to Leonardo, he was never satisfied with just one yes.
Features of childhood curiosity: tips for parents
1.Listen to the questions of the baby, do not dodge them.Do not be silent, do not pull the child under the argument of fatigue, his intrusiveness, because questions may disappear altogether from his life.Your answers are needed for his experience and development.
2.Allow the kid to get experience.The research activity of the child with your participation can be transferred to the channel where the result will suit both the parent and the child: instead of testing the strength of toys, modeling clay figures, clay, dough; instead of scattering sand - sifting it through a sieve; instead of drawing on the wallpaper - dissolving food coloring in water, and so on.
It is no secret that the development of the curiosity of preschoolers depends on the ability to express themselves, independence, self-confidence. Allow the child to plant flowers, draw with crayons, press the bell button, speak on the phone, prepare the dough. There are opportunities to get impressions everywhere.
It is desirable that the baby's room allows you to arrange experiments, not holding back the imagination of the child. It is necessary to explain to the child that in his experiments you may not be satisfied only with the result, and not the process itself.
3.Watch and show.Park, lawn, playground, museum, zoo, shop, street - any place can become an informative space. It is good to attend exhibitions and concerts, performances, to invite guests. Ask your child questions, share observations, discuss interesting things for him.
4.Encourage your baby's imagination.In addition to educators and reality, the baby is surrounded by a fantasy world: cartoons, games, books, his imagination. Allow the child to improvise, "be an adult", play the role of fairy-tale heroes, depict animals, human characters. Let the baby come up with his fairy tale. Stimulate his imagination with non-standard plot development: "what would happen if ...", "how would the heroes live?"
TV - the enemy of active knowledge of the world, even the most sophisticated program includes passive waiting. The child understands that any questions will be solved without his participation. An exception may be the joint viewing of cognitive transmission.
5.Include training in everyday life.Introduce the child with numbers, ask simple questions: “one candy or two?”, “Red or blue?”, “What does it look like?”, “What letter?”, And so on. The task of such communication is to awaken interest, which will make the learning process easy.
6.Encourage your baby to express their opinions.Change the setting, shift the toys, restore order, look for the best option, taking part in a single process.
7.Imagine learning in the form of a game.Criticism, ridicule, punishment for failure, coercion against the will - all this will make the child think that learning is a very difficult thing, can cause isolation and fear in relation to school.
8.Be an example for your baby.Let the child understand that you, too, are passionate about the process of knowing the world, that this is interesting and can last for a lifetime.
9.Arrange experiments.A nonstandard turn of events activates the curiosity of preschool children. Such an approach will include thinking, will encourage independence, will contribute to the development of ingenuity. Allow the kid to see the solution to the problem in several ways in everyday life. Tell us how they study and live in other countries, how they eat. Break the usual, come to the delight of the innovations that you create yourself. And be a child friend.
Problems of Curiosity Development
In modern society, the development of curiosity due to the contradictions between:
- the need to develop this quality in preschool age and accepted practice, not always conducive to the development of curiosity;
- the need for a theoretical analysis of the problem of the development of the curiosity of preschoolers and its insufficient knowledge in psychological research;
- the possibility of the development of children's curiosity in preschool educational institutions and the lack of program guidelines for the pedagogical process.
Experts point to a list of possible obstacles that inhibit the manifestation of inquisitive human behavior, which is based on the search, assimilation and transformation of information.
These include the so-called operational difficulties: lack of cognitive sphere and the ability to analyze and synthesize information, the limited skills of prudence and cognitive habits.
From emotional difficulties, one can cite as an example an exaggerated self-criticism that does not provide psychological stability and a basic basis for self-expression.
Curiosity should be considered as an independent activity: information retrieval, full-fledged self-expression and interaction with the environment - these are the components on the basis of which the positive aspects of character will develop.
Formation of cognitive interest depends on external causes and individual characteristics of the person, the task of tracking which is assigned to educators.Much depends on the environment of the person: understanding, stimulation, support, communication and interchange are of great importance in the development of personality and cultivation of curiosity.
Sayings about curiosity
Curiosity is a component of the active mind, which has always worried scientists, writers, artists.
Edward Phelps urged to keep the fire of curiosity in himself, which would not allow the meaning of life to dry up.
According to Anatole France, only thanks to the curiosity of the world is rich in scientists and poets.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau rightly noted that a person is inquisitive as far as his enlightenment.
"Curiosity is the engine of progress!" - a statement by Andrei Belyanin.
According to Maria von Ebner-Eschenbach, curiosity is curiosity, which concerns serious subjects, and can rightly be called a “thirst for knowledge.”
An inquisitive person is always popular in society, it is pleasant to talk with him and it is impossible to get bored, and his many-sided interests and hobbies contribute to making new friends. Inquisitive children are distinguished by initiative, dedication, diligence, perseverance, confidence, academic performance.Thus, the development of curiosity is becoming one of the important tasks in modern education.