Contraceptives: what is it? Contraceptive use
For a long time humanitytried to find ways to protect against unwanted pregnancy. A few decades ago, barrier methods of contraception had an advantage. Now appeared a lot of funds that help protect themselves from conception. About them and this article will tell you. You will learn what contraceptives are. What this is and how to use them will be described later. It is worth recalling that for the correct selection of a protective agent you need to turn to a gynecologist and undergo a checkup.
Contraceptives: what is it?
Protective agents or contraceptivescalled devices that help prevent unwanted pregnancies. All of them are divided into male and female. The latter, in turn, have an additional classification.
Know how contraceptives are used, thatsuch and for what they are needed, should every person. Otherwise, it will not be possible to avoid unwanted pregnancy and its consequences. Consider what protection tools exist and how to use them.
Experts say about condoms(contraceptives) that such a remedy is the most popular among young people. It is this method of protection that is suitable for people who do not have a regular sexual partner. Condoms are the only contraceptive that men use. This tool allows you to protect yourself from many sexually transmitted diseases. Plus the condom is also in value. This method of protection from pregnancy is recognized as the cheapest.
The remaining barrier methods of protection are used by women. Their use does not have such popularity. Also, many people are distrustful of these methods of protection.
- Diaphragm or pessary. Devices are inserted into the vagina before sexual intercourse and close the cervix, preventing sperm from entering it. The use of such a method can lead to inflammatory processes in the urethra, damage to the mucous membrane. The device requires mandatory disinfection after use.
- Caps. The use of contraceptives of this type is contraindicated in women with various diseases of the cervix (cancer, erosion, the presence of polyps, dysplasia and so on). Modern caps are available in three types. The duration of application should not exceed 4 hours. The device is held in the vagina by the walls.
This method of protection from unexpected conceptionis considered the most reliable. Contraceptives of the new generation not only prevent pregnancy, but also have a therapeutic effect. They are often prescribed to correct the cycle and normalize the hormonal background. All hormonal drugs are divided into standard and mini-dosed. The latter are also classified: three-phase, two-phase and monophase.
Feature of using these toolsis that they need to be taken every day at the same time. Skipping the next pill lowers the effectiveness of the drug. Medicines are prohibited for use in varicose veins, smoking, heart disease and blood vessels.
There are also hormonal patches andimplant-contraceptives. What is this device? Plasters are glued to a specific area of the body (often the lower part of the abdomen) and not removed during the cycle. Implants are sutured under the skin at different times. The effect of these contraceptives is the same as that of tablets.
The next most popular means of protection frompregnancy - a spiral. Despite its name, the device looks like a wand with a bifurcation at the end. The intrauterine device is installed exclusively in the gynecologist's office. It has a different service life. There are also spirals with a hormonal and therapeutic effect.
The device gives reliable protection, but there isregistered cases of pregnancy. Contraindicated to establish a spiral in the presence of inflammation, suspected pregnancy, certain diseases of the cervix and tumors of the genital organ.
Similar contraceptive reviews have different. The disadvantage in their application is as follows. A woman needs to apply creams, gels, pastes or inject suppositories 10-15 minutes before sexual intercourse. In addition, frequent use of these substances leads to the development of vaginal dysbiosis, the violation of microflora.
Chemical contraceptives providespermicidal effect. They prevent the sperm from entering the cervix. Also, substances can protect against some sexually transmitted diseases. More often these methods are used for insurance, for example, when a regular hormonal tablet is skipped.
The most unreliable method of contraceptionis considered present. Natural protection consists in calculating the day of ovulation by different methods. After determining the dangerous period, the woman refrains from contact for a set time. Determine the period of ovulation can be using the calendar, temperature, cervical method. Also taken into account and the woman's own feelings.
Gynecologists do not recommend this method of contraception. When used, there is a very high probability of an unwanted pregnancy.
What is emergency protection? Contraceptive pills in this case have a high dose of hormones. They are taken after the sexual intercourse. The period of use of the drugs is no later than the completion of three days. Such funds block the work of the ovaries and cause menstruation. Their use is fraught with hormonal failure, deterioration of health and pain in the lower abdomen.
How often can such manipulation be carried outemergency? Contraceptives (tablets "Postinor", "Escapel" and others) of this type are not suitable for frequent use. From their name it becomes clear that they are taken in exceptional cases for emergency prevention of pregnancy.
All contraceptives have their own characteristicsapplication. Modern medicine provides a variety of ways to protect against pregnancy. To find the most suitable for yourself, you should consult your doctor. Before prescribing oral medications, the hormonal background is necessarily examined. The introduction of intrauterine devices obliges to pass tests for the presence of infections and so on.