Composition of the Russian Federation (2014)
The composition of the Russian Federation is huge and immense. We live in a really big country. In total, our state consists of 85 subjects. Of these, 22 are republics. They occupy about 28.6% of the country's territory. In general, this topic is very large, important and interesting, so we should talk about it in more detail.
We should start with these subjects. Republics are national-state entities, in contrast to regions or territories. That is, in other words, it is a form of statehood of a certain people within Russia. The Republics have their own constitutions, as well as the right to establish other state languages (but Russian is mandatory).
The overwhelming majority of modernthe times of the USSR were autonomous and socialist. They were considered subjects of the state within the framework of the RSFSR. Adygea, Altai, Bashkortostan, Buryatia, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Kalmykia ... Even by their names one can understand that there are not ordinary Russians living there, but those with a special nationality. Crimeans, Chechens, Chuvashs, Ossetians, Adygeis, Kabardians, Tatars, Udmurts - people living on the territory of the aforementioned republics also have the names of their special citizenship. Well, there is something clear about the republic within the Russian Federation, and now it is necessary to touch on other and equally important issues.
Edges and areas
This is also the subjects that are part of theRussian Federation. I would also like to talk about them. Thus, the following regions are included in the Russian Federation: Altai, Transbaikal, Kamchatka, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Perm, Primorsky, Stavropol and Khabarovsk. It is worth noting one interesting fact. The edges are the few subjects of our state.
The area is much larger. Amur, Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Belgorod, Bryansk, Vladimir, Tomsk, Tula, Tyumen, Ulyanovsk, Chelyabinsk, Yaroslavl - this is only a small list of them. A complete list does seem endless. However, this is not the entire list of subjects located on the territory of our vast homeland. There are still regions and cities of federal significance (which all, incidentally, are holders of the status of "hero"). Well, they should be listed.
Autonomous regions and districts
These subjects are similar in their specific features torepublic. Because they also have a certain identity and national characteristics. This is even obvious from the names. Areas and districts that are autonomous, not so much as the above. Because they just need to be noted with attention. So, the first is the Jewish Autonomous Region. Next comes the Nenets Okrug, Khanty-Mansiysk (Yugra), Chukotka and Yamalo-Nenets.
And finally, the notorious cities of federal significance. Moscow, the capital of the country, St. Petersburg (the so-called cultural capital) and Sevastopol.
On the unification of regions
So, as it was already possible to understand,The Russian Federation includes a large number of subjects. At one time there were more, once - less. Minimized their number after the unification of the republics. So, for example, in 2003, on December 7, the Perm region was merged with the Komi-Permyak AO. So the edge was formed, which everyone today is hearing. The Taimyr and Evenki Autonomous Districts joined the Krasnoyarsk Territory in 2005, on April 17. Kamchatka Oblast with the Koryak Autonomous District formed the unified Kamchatka Territory in 2005, on October 23.
In 2006, the Irkutsk region enteredUst-Orda Buryat Autonomous District. And in 2007, the Chita region was merged with the Aginsk Buryat AO. So the Transbaikal region was formed. Such associations and formations were proposed and subsequently approved by the people due to the fact that it was necessary to make the management of the regions more convenient from the geographical point of view.
Enlargement of regions in perspective
Similar to the above processes, the compositionThe Government of the Russian Federation plans to make several more such decisions. They have already been discussed earlier, but ideas have not yet been translated into reality. For example, it was conceived to unite the Nenets Autonomous District with the Arkhangelsk Region. They could form the Pomorian region. The Leningrad region with St. Petersburg was planned to unite in a single St. Petersburg province. The same is the case with the capital. Moscow and Moscow region could become a single federal district. It is also possible to unite the Tver region and Moscow. They would become one - Central (or Podmoskovsky). However, these plans have not been implemented so far. To date, they froze. And this is understandable, because since 2014 the authorities have a lot of worries. And unfortunately, they continue to emerge.
The events of 2014: the premises
The past, 2014, became significant not only forRussia, but for the whole world. Although initially it did not seem so. Simply the consequences were more loud and large-scale, about which no one (at least, our people) could even think.
The composition of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation has expanded. In the spring of 2014. Then our country became bigger. Richer in one region. It is a republic that is famous for its resources. The peninsula, on which the remarkable city-hero Sevastopol is located, where the authorities of the Russian Federation always had their own navy, its own base. Then the Crimea entered our state. As part of the Russian Federation, he had once been. But the last twenty-odd years the peninsula belonged to Ukraine. But, doing EuroMeidan, forgetting about people and regions, having actually started a war, Ukraine lost Crimea.
More about the return of the peninsula
Then almost no one doubted thatthe composition of the Russian Federation in 2014 will be expanded. Crimeans were infringed upon - they tried to forbid talking in their native language, Russian. Multiple actions and opposition caused a wave of protests on the peninsula. Residents of the Crimea and did not think to give up their. And the consequences came quickly. At the end of February, when the Supreme Soviet of the republic was captured, a real riot began. The people elected new rulers and leaders of power. But the situation was getting worse. So the decision of the Crimean and Russian authorities decided to organize a referendum. March 16, he passed. And the overwhelming number of people - more than 95% - voted for Crimea to move to Russia. Everything was done quickly. And on March 18 it was a significant day for the Crimeans. They became citizens of Russia. And then the new composition of the Russian Federation was formed. With the Republic of Crimea and the city of federal significance Sevastopol.
On the transition period
Of course, there have been difficulties. Ill-wishers and people who were opponents of the decision. Great objections, even riots suited the Mejlis. Many people still wish to return the Crimea to Ukraine. The Crimeans had a hard time during the transition period, but they say: "We have at least survived and gained stability."
But already today a transition periodwas relieved. The people of Crimea have long been using rubles, and all have Russian passports, SNILS, certificates, driving licenses. True, there are some difficulties. With electricity, for example. To date, the light is turned off on the peninsula (in connection with the damaged power supply poles in Kherson, from which energy was flowing to the peninsula). And there must be fan, hourly and tripping. In fact, the opposite is true: for 12 hours a day (at least) people sit without electricity. But the process is in progress: a cable is already being laid through the Kerch Strait, which will provide electricity to the Crimeans; a bridge is under construction; there are new stores. In general, it remains only to wait, believe and tolerate.
On the potential expansion of the territory of the Russian Federation
Well, it's worth to digress from the topic of the Crimea and tella little bit about the fact that the territory of our vast country can become even larger. This is realistic at the expense of inclusion in its composition of independent states by mutual agreement with the Russian Federation. But so far, Abkhazia and Belarus, (adjacent) do not plan to join the Russian Federation.
Each subject of our state is special. The republics can establish their own languages and adopt their own constitutions, appoint capitals, days off in honor of special holidays (religious, for example). The regions and regions can draw up internal treaties that distinguish between subjects of jurisdiction, as well as powers (such is the case in the Irkutsk region, Khanty-Mansiysk and the Yamalo-Nenets autonomous region, for example).
In general, our country is a powerful, unique andimmense. About her and her subjects can be told endlessly. Our territory extends from the sunny Krasnodar Territory to the distant Kamchatka. The state is washed by the Black and Barents Seas, on the shore of one of which tourists are always resting, and sometimes rare risky extreme people visit it. In general, it remains only to wish our state to develop and become better, so that we continue to remain a great power.