Calcivirosis in cats: symptoms and treatment
Calcivirosis is a viral disease that is widespread and highly infectious. The disease is extremely dangerous, because if it is not detected in time and does not begin treatment, the animal can quickly die.
Ways of infection: or how your cat can get sick
Calcivirosis in cats is a disease that is not uncommon. In total, science knows 4 types of strain that can cause this disease. The incubation period lasts about 5-6 days. Most often, the virus is transmitted by airborne droplets, the object of infection may be a meter away from an infected cat. Moreover, the cat can become infected with calcivirosis, even without coming into contact with a sick animal, it is enough to smell infected feces or lie on the grass sprayed with the sick cat's urine. Basically, the animals are infected through the discharge: saliva, discharge from the eyes, nose, genitals. The virus that causes calcivirosis in cats can even be carried by a person on clothes or hair.Therefore, diseases are susceptible to pets who never go outside.
Be careful when visiting places of congestion of cats, because outwardly the animal may not show signs of the disease, but once in a lifetime, the ill cat will always be infectious for others.
Symptoms of the disease
Calcivirosis in cats, the symptoms of which are most pronounced in unvaccinated kittens with weak immunity, has its own characteristics. How to quickly recognize the disease? Carefully read the accompanying symptoms.
- Increased body temperature, reaching 40.5 degrees for several days. After about three days the temperature drops to normal.
- Discharge from the nose and eyes - at first they will be transparent, after - serous and unpleasantly smelling.
- Increased salivation - the coat on the cat's chest is constantly wet.
- Formation of medium-sized ulcers that are filled with liquid — these ulcers form in the cat's oral cavity and give it a great deal of inconvenience. At the beginning of the disease, the owner may notice that the pet is constantly coughing up, as if there is a foreign object in its throat.Then you can notice inflammation and redness of the gums, bubbles on them, which will soon burst.
- A strong stench from the cat's mouth.
- Decreased appetite.
- General condition sluggish, apathetic.
- In the beginning of the disease may occur diarrhea, alternating constipation. Vomiting is also possible.
- Calcivirosis in cats, the symptoms of which you read above, affects the respiratory system. The animal has coughing and sneezing, shortness of breath, and bronchitis and pneumonia can develop. With the penetration of the virus into the brain, convulsions may begin, the cat behaves aggressively, its gait is unsteady, staggering.
- A lameness develops - the virus affects the animal’s joints, leading to the development of arthritis. Very often, the owners do not pay attention to this symptom, considering that the cat has injured her leg somewhere and this will soon pass. However, lameness in combination with other signs of the disease is a clear symptom of calcivirosis.
Diagnosis of the disease
An experienced veterinarian must first clearly recognize the type of pet disease. Calcivirosis in cats, the symptoms and treatment of which must be recognized and selected by a specialist, is not easily diagnosed.The fact is that there are similar symptoms in other diseases, such as rhinotracheitis, stomatitis, gingivitis and even rabies. Most often, the decisive factor in making a diagnosis is the presence of purulent ulcers in the cat's mouth. For correct diagnosis, it is necessary to take blood from an animal for analysis (the result will show a decrease in the level of white blood cells), and also to conduct a special test. If a pet has a violation of breathing and lameness, the doctor will advise you to make him an x-ray.
How to Treat Calcivirosis in Cats
Since this virus is very dangerous for pets, you can not spend time with treatment! At the first alarming signs and symptoms of calcivirosis, contact the veterinary clinic. The doctor will prescribe an animal symptomatic treatment, as well as drugs to maintain his immune system.In the uncomplicated form of calcivirosis in cats, treatment at home is well received. If the disease flows into a more severe form, then inpatient treatment is recommended. Most often, the following drugs are prescribed by a doctor:
- Antibiotics - fight against the virus and prevent recurrence of the disease.
- Decongestants - facilitate nasal breathing, eliminating secretions.
- Anti-inflammatory and painkillers - lower body temperature, sanitize the oral cavity, eliminate eye discharge.
- If the animal refuses to eat and becomes dehydrated, the doctor prescribes a drip.
- Calcivirosis in cats, the treatment of which is always complex, in its early stages involves the introduction of serum type "Vitafel."
- Immunostimulants and various antiviral drugs.
- Special food - because during the illness the animal has no appetite and the mouth is covered with ulcers, the food should be attractive, soft and more nutritious than usual.
Calcivirosis in cats, the treatment of which must be correct, should not be treated at home, without consulting an experienced specialist.
What is the prognosis of the disease?
In the absence or appointment of the wrong treatment, the disease can be fatal. If the cat, while pregnant, falls ill with calcivirosis, the kittens are also infected, and the risk of death of the litter is high (approximately 80 percent). Adults with strong immunity with timely and proper treatment survive 70 percent of cases.Weak individuals, elderly cats and kittens die in 50 percent of cases, even with the appointment of competent treatment.
How to care for a cat after a virus?
Calcivirosis in cats takes away a lot of strength and depletes them. Therefore, taking care of a pet after having suffered a serious virus must be correct. The cat must eat properly, and easily digestible foods form the basis of the diet. The ideal option would be the appointment of a special diet by a veterinarian.
Keep the animal clean: do not forget to clean the toilet tray as often as possible, shake out the bedding on which the pet sleeps, and ventilate the living space. Carefully handle the remaining sores in the cat's mouth, remove the discharge from the nose and eyes, and also monitor the condition of the animal's hair, stuck together lumps should not be there.
Since catarrhivitis in cats is a very contagious and severe disease, the best measure to prevent it will be a vaccine. Vaccination should be carried out every year, the first vaccination in kittens is done at the age of about 10 weeks.If a cat that was vaccinated still gets infected with a virus, then the disease will leak in a light and harmless form for it. In addition to vaccination, there are other preventive measures (but vaccination is still required):
- Minimize cat contact with other individuals.
- If there are several cats living in your apartment, then protect them from the items that care for the virus that transferred the virus.
- If you are a guest "talked" with another pet, wash your hands thoroughly.
- Isolate the cat that had recovered from the virus for a month, then take tests for its presence in the pet's body.
- Disinfect cat dishes after recovery.
Calcivirosis in kittens
For kittens, this disease represents a huge risk to life, because their immunity is still very weak. The sooner the treatment is started, the higher the kitten’s chance of life. The incubation stage of the disease in kittens is only a day, so the time to go to the vet is very limited. It is best to water a sick kitten, refusing food, milk.Doctors recommend offering pureed food or ready-to-eat paste food. Calcivirosis in cats, the photo of which you see on the page, took the lives of many kittens, but you can save your pet.
Is the virus dangerous to humans?
People who are far from medicine and veterinary art, often spread false information about the infectiousness of the disease for humans and other animals except cats. This virus is species-specific, which means that it affects only cats. That is, to the question “Calcivirosis in cats: is it dangerous for people?” One can confidently answer that it is not. Calcivirosis is safe for people, dogs and all other pets. Only cats suffer from it. Do not be afraid of infection from a sick cat and do not be afraid to come close to it. She really needs your affection, care and proper care. The fate of the pet only in the loving hands of the owner.
All viruses that affect the immune system of cats are very dangerous, insidious and infectious. Calcivirosis, which we talked about in this article, is no exception. This virus is often compared with human flu, both in symptoms and in a huge number of various strains that can mutate. Calcivirosis cats who have been ill treated can easily be attacked by a new type of strain.