Bacteria for septic tank: review, how to choose the right, rating, reviews
Who among us has not dreamed of living in his home? However, this dream has a downside. The most unpleasant question in all senses is the disposal of human waste products, to put it simply, sewage. Build a waste or cesspool - it is simple enough, but how to deal with the smell and accumulated biomaterial? Of course, assinatorial machines do their job well, but how often can you do this?
Recently, septic tanks are gaining popularity - elements of an autonomous cleaning system, they are also called septic tanks. The microbes contained in the septic tank do not cope with wastewater treatment. In such cases, specialized bacteria for septic tanks come to the rescue. They are specially introduced into the sewage system for the processing of harmful substances into simpler compounds, as well as water and carbon dioxide.Let's see what bacteria is better for a septic tank.
The principle of the septic tank
The septic tank is from one to three tanks, resembling tanks, of various materials, which are located underground. They are designed to collect and clean all domestic wastewater from your site.
The products of human activity are completely different, therefore, fatty compounds, detergents, and household garbage can get into the septic tanks. All waste needs to be recycled and get clean water. However, this water will be suitable only for technical use, for example, watering the garden or flower garden.
Often, this cleaning system consists of several boxes that are connected to the sewage system. All domestic waste liquid from the house is collected through pipes into the first sump.
Further heavy compounds sink to the bottom, and lighter ones rise to the top. Partially purified water passes into the next container, and what remains in the first one is processed with the help of microorganisms into water and sludge. Anything that does not dissolve must be pumped out with an assinator machine. In the second tank, cleaning continues.It uses a filter of sand, expanded clay, gravel or gravel. The resulting water is either absorbed into the soil, or continues its cleaning in the next tank, where aerobic bacteria are already working for the septic tank. After all these manipulations, domestic wastewater is completely cleaned.
Types of septic tanks
The material from which the cleaning systems are made may be different. Traditionally distinguish such settlers:
- Plastic - it is sealed, easy to install and corrosion-resistant, but at the same time it has a small weight, which threatens to crush under the action of the soil or, conversely, ascent under the action of groundwater.
- Brick - laid out of the bricks in a previously prepared trench, they are not tight and require waterproofing of the walls with cement mortar.
- Reinforced concrete - reliable and durable, can be monolithic or piece-work. For installation of a monolithic septic tank, a ditch is pulled out, formwork is made and filled with mortar, and for piecework, a ditch is pulled out and factory reinforced concrete rings are laid.
- Metal - practically not used, because it is unstable to aggressive media, and therefore, short-lived.Stainless steel is not used for such constructions, as it flies in a pretty penny. In addition, the installation of such wastewater treatment plants requires special lifting equipment.
Pros and cons of treatment facilities
Among the advantages of septic tanks are the following:
- Installation of cleaning systems in soils with high groundwater levels.
- Application in heavy soils.
- Lack of specific odors in the disinfection process.
- Installation of sewer systems in one day.
- Does not require constant monitoring by the person.
- Cleaning facilities every 5-9 years.
Among the disadvantages of these systems are the following: high cost, as well as the need to connect the installation to the power grid, which further increases the cost of the system.
When to introduce bacteria into the system?
The main reason that pushes people to use bacteria for septic tanks and cesspools is the unpleasant smell that spreads from wastewater treatment plants. Prerequisites for the appearance of this very smell can be:
- ingress into the construction of aggressive detergents with chlorine, formaldehyde or alkali;
- freezing of the septic tank in the winter, and therefore the death of microorganisms;
- fatty compounds deposited on the walls of tanks and pipes;
- silting of the filtration site with large-sized wastewater components.
Accordingly, if the microorganisms do not cope with the cleaning or their number has decreased due to certain circumstances, it is necessary to compensate for the losses. Reading reviews of bacteria for a septic tank, you can see that today there are many types of bacteria that are designed for different purposes. Some work well in an aggressive environment, others at low temperatures, some do well with oily waste, etc. However, modern people want to get everything at once, so preference is given to universal means that can cope with all the pollution at once.
Why precisely bacteria?
Bacteria in the course of their livelihoods are engaged in the fact that they break down various organic substances, including feces and fats, into simpler and more harmless ones.
Being in a favorable environment for them, the bacteria begin to transform the fractions that are in a solid state.Bacteria effectively convert them to liquid form. Thanks to it, work of the sewerage improves. In purification systems, bacteria lead to the active growth of sludge, which in turn improves wastewater treatment.
The family of microorganisms needs to be replenished because its bacteria die over time.
The most optimal conditions for the successful work of microorganisms is a high humidity environment and air temperature from 18aboutFrom up to 30aboutWith a plus sign.
Bacteria are used to treat wastewater, as this method is environmentally friendly. Bacteria simply feed on the products of human life, thereby continuing their existence.
What are these bacteria?
Septic bacteria are a modern biological remedy for cleaning septic tanks, toilets and cesspools, which is a "dry squeeze" based on natural ingredients. They are non-toxic and completely decompose.
When bacteria are placed in the system, they process human waste products, thereby purifying wastewater. They are able to:
- fight fat on the walls;
- dilute the sediment at the bottom of the tank;
- to deal with blockages of various etiologies;
- make the maintenance of septic tanks cheaper;
- facilitate labor-intensive sewage treatment processes;
- eliminate unpleasant smell within 4-5 days;
- fully process substances in 3.5-4 months;
- improve the absorption of treated wastewater into the soil.
Types of bacteria
There are 2 types of bacteria for septic tanks and cesspools - these are aerobes and anaerobes.
- Aerobic bacteria. The name speaks for itself. For the life and functioning of these bacteria, oxygen is needed, respectively, they are used in installations where a special compressor supplies air to the sewage.
- Anaerobic bacteria. They can exist without oxygen. In the septic tank is constantly being fermented. These bacteria lighten and clean up drains. In such cases, it is recommended that bioactivator be regularly added to containers along with anaerobic bacteria. The frequency and dosage of this action is indicated on the package.
Disadvantages of anaerobes
Anaerobic biologics have some disadvantages:
- wastewater treated with anaerobes cannot be used as fertilizers because they contain microorganisms that can infect the soil;
- cleaning efficiency in this way is about 70%, and therefore, additional purification is required;
- for the implementation of the purification of necessary special equipment;
- in the process of life anaerobes emit methane, which gives an unpleasant smell.
The benefits of aerobes
On the contrary, aerobic biological products have a number of advantages:
- with their help possible complete cleaning of sewage;
- recycled waste can be used as organic fertilizer;
- able to minimize the use of special equipment;
- in the process of vital activity, aerobes emit carbon dioxide, which has no odor.
How does bacterial cleaning work?
When cleaning this method using live bacteria for septic. They decompose waste into water and sludge. This mixture of bacteria and enzymes needed to start breeding is added to the treatment plant. Then nothing is required of you, the bacteria work themselves.
However, care must be taken to prevent aggressive chemicals from entering the system. They simply destroy the bacteria. If, nevertheless, the ingress of soap solutions, ammonium and chlorine is not avoided, then it is recommended to use bacteria for the septic tank, not afraid of chemistry.
Septic tank and its cleaning
The septic tank "Tank" is nothing but a barrel-sump. Often used three-chamber tanks. The cleaning process is basically the same as with other types of septic tanks, but the septic tank “Tank” does not clean the wastewater as quickly as we would like. The speed of this process is due to the fact that only anaerobic bacteria are used for the septic tank “Tank”. The cleaning process is called the clarification of sewage.
Unfortunately, the water after treatment is unsuitable for technical needs and is directed to the drainage fields. They are a structure for distributing the release of treated water over the surface of the land plot. Accumulated sludge should be regularly pumped out.
Bacteria Market Analysis
Septic bacteria are produced by many companies, but not all of them are effective and safe. Improperly selected products can not only fail, but also destroy the entire cleaning system. Replacing it can take a significant amount of time, not to mention wasted funds. In order to avoid such consequences, you need to use only proven meansas well as carefully read the packaging and instructions for use. The bacteria rating for septic tanks gives us 3 of the most reputable agents. It:
- "Doctor Robik" - has a wide range, you can pick up the necessary combination of microorganisms, each combination has its own number.
- Bioforce Septic Comfort is also a wide range, it can be used at any time during the use of a septic tank, it lasts a year.
- "Tamir" is a biological additive for septic tanks, which fights odors well.
Instructions for the use of bacteria for septic
Anaerobic bacteria can simply fall asleep (if the mixture is in powder form) or pour (if in the form of liquid, then you must first dilute with water) directly into the septic tank, toilet or cesspool. After that, rinse with water and wait half an hour. In this way, bacteria enter the desired septic chamber.
If you use aerobic bacteria, then they need to be purposefully introduced into the chamber where oxygen enters.
Tips for beginners
- Buying a tool for cleaning the sewer system, do not get fooled by new tools with improved formulas and other rubbish.It is better to use proven funds of firms that have been on the market for a long time and have positive customer reviews.
- Use bacteria for a septic tank marked winter. They are designed to remove fatty compounds that have been accumulated in the winter. You can start using them in early spring.
- The series with the effect sign is used to neutralize surfactants in septic tanks, splitting fats, and household laundry detergents.
- Universal series-It is mainly used by the majority of people living in private houses, as it is adapted for the purification of wastewater containing residues of various household chemicals used in the household.
- Do not store the prepared solution for a long time. Bacteria have their own life cycle and can simply die without waiting for launch into the system.
So we figured out what septic tanks are and how to clean them. Now you can choose the most effective bacteria for the septic tank that will help you create the most comfortable conditions for living in a private house, in particular, to facilitate and secure the processing of waste products.