It has long been in Russia to celebrate a merry, noisy Shrovetide - bake pancakes, drive round dances, and finally, burn a scarecrow, saying goodbye to a long winter. Maslenitsa is a Slavic holiday with pagan rituals, which is celebrated the whole week before Lent. This holiday symbolizes the entry into force of the bright spring and farewell to a long and painful winter. Each day of the Pancake Week has its own name and traditions of celebration, in which we will understand in this article, and also learn the origin of the beloved holiday of many.
Maslenitsa: Traditions and customsBright joyful holiday Maslenitsa originated in pagan Russia, when the Slavs worshiped many deities, and continued in the Christian tradition, retaining some elements of ancient pagan rituals. The fact is that the traditional celebration of the arrival of spring coincided with the "Carnival of the Christians": the week before the beginning of Lent. Then these two holidays were very well combined, and the tradition has been preserved even now.
Why are pancakes baked on carnival?Pancakes have always been an indispensable and basic pancake treat. According to one version, pancakes symbolized the sun and were baked in honor of the god Yarilo. There is also a more pragmatic version: before Great Lent, believers were already forbidden to eat meat, and the main dish, as well as oil pancakes, became the symbol of the holiday this week. Hence the name came to us: Maslenitsa. Pancakes for Maslenitsa are baked by all hostesses. These hot round suns became the main holiday treat in every home.
When is Maslenitsa celebrated?The beginning of the Maslenitsa annually shifts, depending on the day of the beginning of Lent. Every day of the week of the holiday is traditionally held in a certain way: on Monday they celebrate Maslenitsa, have fun all the time, wake up, eat pancakes with stuffing and treat guests,and on Sunday, Pancake Day is already seen off, reconcile with their loved ones and burn an effigy.
What do they call the days of Shrovetide?Mondays are called "Meetings." Wives for the whole day are poisoning their parents to help with the housework. Everyone begins to bake pancakes, the first of which is given to the poor to mention the dead. On the same day, the effigy of Shrovetide is made of straw, which is carried around the village all day. In the evening, the whole family gathers at the table.
Tuesday - "Litters". Street festivities begin. Young build snow and ice fortresses, take them by storm, put on funny masks. They bring pancakes to the festivities, treat friends and acquaintances. It was on this day of the week that bride bridal shows were held to celebrate the wedding after the Post.
Wednesday - "Gourmet." Mother-in-law invite sons in pancakes. The festive table is prepared abundant, whence the proverb: “Shrovetide-confection of money in the forest”. Thus, a positive attitude was shown to the husband of the daughter and attention was paid.
Saturday - "Zolovki gatherings." Young daughters-in-law invite their husband's sisters and give them some presents.
And the last day as the culmination of the whole week is “Forgiveness of Sunday”, preparation for the Great Lent. In the temples of the evening service, the rite of forgiveness is performed by the abbot asking for forgiveness from the parishioners. All believers, bowing to each other, also ask for forgiveness, and answer the request: "God will forgive." You also need to apologize to family and friends at home.