Analysis of the novel "Oblomov"

Oblomov is a novel, which in its gradual disclosure reflects the end of the era of the abolition of serfdom and the impossibility of the normal development and growth of the individual in the conditions of then-flourishing serfdom. The following analysis of the novel "Oblomov" is a clear confirmation of this. The main character is presented by the author as a collective image of a person who, after the service, cannot join in with some business and find the answer to the question: how to live on? The novel “Oblomov” is a mixture of romanticism with a weakened human will, mental weakness.

Oblomov: Analysis of Chapter 1

At the beginning of the work, the author introduces the reader to the hero (Oblomov) and his everyday environment.

Applying the method of gradual (stepwise) narrowing of images, Goncharov takes us first to one of the main streets of the aristocracy in the city of St. Petersburg, moving the essence of the actions into a large, populous house, where we find ourselves in the dwelling and “bedchamber” of the main character.

The untidy room corresponds to both the appearance and the internal mood of the owner, where we find that “the carpets were stained” and “the web was sculpted in the form of festoons”.And the hero himself, Oblomov, periodically calls: “Zakhar!”. And after grumbling and knocking “legs jumping from somewhere”, a second character of the novel appears in front of us, a servant, also in a rather unattractive form. Lackey Zakhar for the owner of Oblomov’s house is not only a “faithful servant”, he also acts as a custodian of family memories, a friend, a nurse. This author clearly demonstrates, presenting a string of amusing everyday scenes as a result of communication between the footman and his master.

Thanks to the rude, frank and blatant hypocrisy of Zakhar’s communication, we are familiar with Oblomov’s negative traits — with hatred of work, and with a thirst for peace and idleness, and with a tendency to exaggerate our own worries.

There is clearly a parallel between the servant and the landowner: just as Ilya Ilyich Oblomov selflessly works on the plan, the footman Zakhar in every way demonstrates intentions to carry out a general cleaning. Only it is absolutely not necessary to believe that Zakhar is a twin of a landowner or a simpleton lazy. You should not judge him so superficially.

The life of Ilya Ilyich seems to take place in his own special world, which continually endures an invasion of outsiders: for many people it matters.To the landowner, Volkov, knock on the door and the socialite, Penkin was a fashionable writer, a zealous official Sudbinsky and a businessman Tarantiev, even some "man of uncertain years, with an uncertain physiognomy." Petersburgers are attracted to the apartment Oblomova warmth of the soul and the softness of its owner. Even such a scoundrel like Tarantiev understands that in this house he will find "a warm, calm shelter."

Essentially, the exposition already outlines an explanation of why Oblomov as an official did not succeed.

We see that “the environment did not“ eat ”; the environment rejected” a people like the protagonist, who, in fact, is spiritually much higher than any of their guests.

Oblomov by the end of the first part of the novel is ready to change his old life. The hero is under pressure from external circumstances in the form of the need to move due to a decrease in the estate’s profitability. Only here the inner motives are more important. And before we have to see the result of the efforts of the landlord Ilya Ilyich to rise from the couch, the author cites a special novel about the character’s childhood years - Oblomov’s Dream.

Oblomov's Dream: episode analysis

In this passage, we find the answer to the question of how the vigorous and playful boy Ilya Oblomov turned into a man who does not want anyone or anything to know, okromya his own office and waiter serving him.

Oblomovsky dream is a link between the past and the present, the predestination of the hero’s fate. The dream shows how such a person as Ilya Oblomov appeared, whose personality combines good and pleasant features, as well as complete indifference to current events, the desire for complete alienation.

In a broader sense, sleep is the general state of the soul of the hero. The presented Oblomovka exists only to wake up in the morning and fall asleep in the evening. So Oblomov runs into his office on Vyborg from the hustle and the lack of freedom of life, seeking to find peace and regularity. The hero is confident that only in a dream he has complete freedom and can command time, if he wishes, to see his mother, who has been at peace, and move to a “blessed corner”.

Analysis of the 9th chapter of Oblomov shows that the hero wants to sleep, replacing them with a sense of freedom. Being a metaphor of the hero’s life, Oblomov’s Dream passes through the whole space of the novel, determiningthat it is dreams that move "man to create among the natural world of another, unrealizable, and in him to seek reason and fun for idle imagination or the solution of ordinary clutches of circumstances and causes of the phenomenon outside the phenomenon itself".

Analysis of Chapter 3 "Oblomov"

In this chapter of the novel, we see Oblomov visiting Andrei Stolz, a childhood friend.

Already on the threshold, Ilya Ilyich falls asleep to Stolz with complaints about his own health: he suffers from heartburn and is overpowered by barley. The doctor advises him to travel, but does a sane person go "... to America and Egypt! ... Is it desperate for someone who does not care about life". Stoltsu Oblomov’s fear and arguments are incomprehensible and ridiculous.

Further, Oblomov tells his friend about the letter of the headman and the requirement of the hostess of rental housing to move out of the apartment.

Stolz, having familiarized himself with the letter, offers a friend to act and sets out his vision for solving this problem.

But no, this is not for Ilya Ilyich. Changes for him are worse than anything else. Oblomov does not believe that change will produce results, nor does Oblomov’s transformation plan, which he has been writing for a single year. Ilya Ilyich is not able to make changes in his own life, they cost him too much effort.

Thus, the foregoing about Goncharov's novel "Oblomov", the analysis of which you have just read, reveals the weakness of the human spirit and the crisis of uncertainty of being, the awareness of the impoverished spiritual existence of a person, and humility with it. Summing up, one should say that even nowadays one can see “Oblomovism”, so the problem described by the author is still relevant today.

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